Skin conditions caused by microorganisms are usually contagious and harsh. This is definitely the case with rubeola. Such conditions always call for medical attention. This includes a ringworm treatment, which most people prefer to do at home.
Rubeola is characterized by unique lesions that erupt all over the body. The lesions are very itchy and usually appear about 10 days after contamination. Although it is treatable and preventable, rubeola can cause complications in neural development and even death.
What is rubeola virus and how it looks in pictures
What is the rubeola virus? Most people know it as measles. Rubeola virus is the causal agent for the measles most of us are familiar with.
Back in the days before the late 1950s, many cases of measles were being reported. Luckily, the rubeola vaccine was developed, which saw the cases of the disease drop significantly. In fact, the few cases reported today are in developing countries and in children who are not given the MMR vaccine.
The rubeola virus is extremely contagious. In fact, 9 in 10 people who are not immunized or who have never developed the condition will contract the virus when in close contact with an infected person.
Close contact with infected patients is the main mode of transmission. Nasal and oral discharges also carry the virus. This means that the virus is present in the air around an infected person even when they aren’t actively coughing or sneezing. On average, the rubeola virus will survive for two hours outside a host.
You can get more details on rubeola’s definition, history and related health conditions on sites such as Wikipedia. This also includes pictures and images that can help in diagnosing the infection.
Rubeola symptoms and signs
When contracted, the virus takes an average of 14 days to incubate. This means that the rubeola rash will not be observed until that period is over. However, the virus can still be spread 10 days after contraction.
Although rubeola symptoms will differ from child to child, following are the most common signs:
- High fever
- Runny nose
- Fatigue and tiredness
- Swelling of the eyelids
- Light sensitivity
- Koplik’s spots – these are tiny spots with a whitish center. You will find them on the inside surfaces of the cheeks.
- Rash – the giveaway features of a rubeola rash are flattened and reddened lesions that form solely but later join into a large rash. They appear first on the face. With time, they will spread downwards and cover the whole body. Castor oil for skin conditions can help in reducing the itchiness and discomfort that result from the rash.
When left untreated, serious rubeola symptoms such as pneumonia, brain inflammation, infected ears and even loss of sight can develop.
Rubeola definition and disease causes
A simple rubeola definition will revolve around a viral infection that causes a rash all over the body. As to its causes, the rubeola virus is to be blamed.
In the body, the virus travels to the mucous membranes where it thrives and multiplies. In the first days, slight symptoms such as fever will be felt. This is caused by the immune response to the entry of virus in the system.
With time, the virus will find its way into the blood, urinary system, eyes and the brain. At this stage, serious complications are bound to develop. It should never be allowed to get to that point.
Much like a mole on face or any other body part, most if not all people will be exposed to the rubeola virus at one time in a lifetime. If not immunized or never having suffered a measles attack before, the virus will be contracted even after the slightest exposure.
About 5 days after contamination, the virus can be spread to other healthy individuals. Note that this is before the rash develops. Patients will remain free from rash but contagious for 4 days.
Rubeola vaccine and treatment
Unlike infestations such as scabies treatment, viral infections are not completely treatable. The virus cannot be gotten rid of from the body once the body has suffered contamination. Luckily, a rubeola vaccine can be taken to prevent cruel rubeola attacks.
Vaccines work by preparing the body for a potential attack by a specific disease causing organism. Vaccines compete with penicillin in regards to having the most lives saved. Here, mild forms of rubeola virus are introduced in the body. In response, the body develops a resistance to the virus. Think of it as a memory that the body keeps. At any other time that the rubeola virus is contracted, the body quickly makes immune cells that fight the virus, using the details contained in the memories that the body kept.
When a child is one year old, MMR or rubeola vaccine is usually given. In most cases, mumps is also vaccinated against alongside rubeola. After 4 years, the vaccine is repeated.
Vaccines are very effective in preventing against diseases. In fact, diseases can be completely wiped out using vaccines. Parents are encouraged to take their children for vaccines. Controversies such as vaccines being said to cause autism have not been proven by the facts.
Other treatment options different from rubeola vaccine
Skin conditions such as anal skin tags or even a penis skin tag are not harmful as far as body health is concerned. For this reason, there is always the option to remove skin tags or leave them heal on their own. This also applies to a couple of other health conditions. Bacterial and viral infections, however, are an entirely different case. Here, medical attention is always necessary, and needs to be gotten quickly.
In a hospital, a doctor can prescribe some treatment options. The results are only meant to have improved in regards to the symptoms of the disease. As we said earlier, viral infections are for life.
Treatment options available include:
- Measures to counter diarrhea – diarrhea is fatal in children. It causes rapid dehydration and can kill a child in a matter of hours. To this end, the patient will be advised or be given lots of fluids.
- Acetaminophen – this is a medication meant to ease the fever that comes with rubeola. Under no circumstances should you give or take aspirin to reduce pain.
- Supplementing with vitamin A – this vitamin is used to counter the defects that the rubeola virus produces on and in the eyes. If you can remember, blindness was identified as one of the serious symptoms of this disease.
For kids who have not had a vaccine, the doctor will give the same.
Diagnosing rubeola symptoms and signs
Doctors usually recognize a rubeola rash when they see one. However, a full diagnosis based on physical assessment and medical history may be needed.
Details on the following factors will be necessary during the diagnosis and in determining the best treatment that will be prescribed:
- Medical and general health
- Seriousness of the infection
- Possible reactions to drugs and treatment procedures
- What the patient or the parent prefers
In cases where the symptoms have vaguely manifested, tests may be needed to be taken on urine or blood samples. The doctor will provide directions, so you need not worry about possible complications involved.
Some remedies such as tea tree oil have been noted to have antiviral properties. They are in fact very effective and useful in rejuvenating the skin, although not advised for conditions like a skin tag on the eyelid. For this reason, you can try them on a rubeola rash, but only after medical attention has been sought.
Rubeola virus prevention and precautions
Precautions and preventive measures against measles have seen reported cases drop incredibly over the course of years. In fact, failure to get the vaccine is the main reason behind any severe cases of rubeola these days.
The problem is that people have in a way stopped associating the rubeola virus with fatal consequences. If you are to get insights from a person who lived before the vaccine for measles was developed, they would tell a tale of a deadly disease that would infect a whole population in a matter of days. That’s not what most people think of today.
One of the best precautions is to take children for vaccinations, not only against measles but any other immunizable disease. Vaccines are so effective that if we were to successfully develop one against cancer, malaria or HIV/AIDS, making the world a better place would gain an entirely new meaning.
The next step is to ensure that all that come into close contact with your children are vaccinated. Constant exposure can work its way around vaccines.
Children should not go to school if diagnosed with rubeola or, in fact, any other contagious infection. This includes going to school barefooted when having plantar warts or before wart removal methods have succeeded in getting rid of the same.