Vitiligo Skin Disease on the Genital Areas: Penis, Vagina and Scrotum

Vitiligo affects about 0.5-2% of world population. That translates to about 70-140 million people. Some cases go unreported. In most of these patients, vitiligo proves to be more of a physiological problem that a physical one. This is especially true when it develops on face and arms.

Having vitiligo doesn’t mean that something is seriously wrong with the person. In most cases, autoimmune dysfunctions are to blame. Hereditary factors can also be to blame. Common triggers include stress, sunburns and cuts. People mostly develop vitiligo between ages of 3 and 20 years. Vitiligo in toddlers and middle aged people is also possible.

Among other cells, the skin contains melanocytes which make melanin. This is the substance that protects from sun damage and also gives color to the skin. Most melanocytes are contained in the epidermis but also occur in follicles and mucosal membranes. Activities or disorders that inhibit or destroy melanocytes result in loss of pigment. This presents as milky-white spots or patches, the main signs of vitiligo. Although the signs often show up on body areas exposed to sunlight, the genitals can also be affected.

Vitiligo penis pictures and treatments

In vitiligo penis pictures, the condition is noted to be most common on the penile shaft. Penile vitiligo can also occur on the mucosal membrane of urethra. This is not very common.

Causes:

A person cannot get vitiligo after having unprotected sex with a partner diagnosed with the disease. Vitiligo is not contagious. In more than 50% of all vitiligo on the penis cases, autoimmune activities will have played a part. An autoimmune activity occurs when the immune system becomes overactive and ends up destroying healthy cells. There are about 80 diseases that are considered autoimmune.

Is vitiligo hereditary? Genetic factors are responsible for about 30% of all vitiligo on the penis cases. In this case, the gene responsible for vitiligo is passed from parent to offspring. A good example is Prince Jackson vitiligo case. Vitiligo acquired this way is often accompanied by signs of other hereditary diseases, the likes of diabetes type 1 and Hashimoto’s thyroid disease. Such signs may include being thirsty and frequent urination for diabetes, or extreme fatigue and sluggishness for thyroid disease. It is not a guarantee that these symptoms will be present. Another common autoimmune disease is lupus. Vitiligo and lupus rarely occur together.

Being stressful has been known to trigger vitiligo cycles. In the genitals, mental stress is the more likely cause compared to physical trauma.

Symptoms:

The main sign of vitiligo is appearance of milky-white patches on the skin. On the penis, the disease can begin with small individual spots on the shaft. These spots may spread and join to form larger patches. It is not uncommon for vitiligo on penis to have spread from adjacent areas such as groin or anus.

Most skin conditions, especially in private areas, are associated with pain, itchiness, sores and discharge. Of all these, itchiness is the only symptom that may present in vitiligo affected areas. Pink coloration may be noticed at the borders of the patches that have formed. This is caused by blood vessels and is no cause for concern.

Treatment:

Treatments used for vitiligo may prove too crude to be used on the sensitive skin of the penis. In this case, a doctor may suggest methods to keep the disease from spreading. For example, treating an underlying condition thought to be causing vitiligo may work.

Vitiligo scrotum pictures and treatments

Vitiligo on the scrotum mostly occurs on part of the scrotal sac just below the penis. This can be seen in vitiligo scrotum pictures.  Constant contact with the penis has something to do with it, however.

The same factors that may cause vitiligo on other body areas can also cause it in the scrotum. These include autoimmune activities, stress, genetic factors, sunburns and cuts. While age is not considered a risk factor, most cases are reported in men below 20 years of age.

Mucosal vitiligo develops in orifices such as around the anus and nostrils. When the rectal area is affected, vitiligo can easily spread to the scrotum. Note that vitiligo doesn’t spread like infections do. With vitiligo, there is gradual loss of melanin as the disease spreads. Spots usually are the first to appear which later join to form patches.

Vitiligo is among the diseases that do not become dangerous with time. The main complication it can lead to is extreme sensitivity to sunlight. The positioning of scrotum keeps it protected from sunburns. All the same, patients may experience slight inflammation and mild itchiness.

If vitiligo on scrotum causes cosmetic problems, treatment can be done to reduce spread, even skin tone or restore pigment. Restoring pigment is much harder. Your doctor will discuss the available treatment options with you. They include use of corticosteroids, light therapy and surgery.

Vitiligo on vaginal region pictures, causes and treatments

Vitiligo on vaginal area sometimes appears discretely or by spreading from thighs, groin area or lower abdomen. People do not get vitiligo by having sex with affected partners. The disease does not cause pain, skin dryness or soreness. Mild itchiness may be felt at boundaries of vitiligo patches.

The typical characteristic of vitiligo is formation of white spots or patches. These can remain localized or gradually spread. The latter is more likely.

A person can have vitiligo patches in the vaginal region and on other parts of the body such as arms and legs. This type is known as vitiligo vulgaris. It is also possible to have vitiligo covering more than 50% of the body. This type is known as universal vitiligo.

Having vitiligo in the vaginal region doesn’t predispose a patient to sexually transmitted diseases or infections. In fact, cosmetic issues may be the main problem. People tend to associate the vaginal region with sensitivity of some kind. The presence of white patches of skin can easily send a very wrong message, especially to a sex partner. This can be avoided by discussing the issue beforehand. In any case, vitiligo is just a lack of cells that one can spend a very healthy lifetime without.

The best approach is to control vitiligo in vaginal area from spreading rather than seeking to treat it. If necessary, treatment can still be done. Small or localized spots are the easiest to treat. Medications combined with light therapy are able to restore pigment in 75% of all cases. Large patches may require repeated therapies and medications. Even then, there is no guarantee that patches will disappear for good. If treatments are not effective, your doctor may suggest skin grafting. This involves transplanting normal skin to cover vitiligo affected areas.

How is vitiligo on private areas treated?

Having vitiligo on private areas can be quite embarrassing. In fact, some patients lack the courage to discuss the issue with their doctors. This should not be the case. Vitiligo is the most “innocent” disease one can develop in their genital areas. For one thing, you probably had very little to do with it, unlike diseases like syphilis and herpes. The sensitivity of the genital region poses a major difficulty in vitiligo treatment. Regardless, the following options may be considered:

Corticosteroids:

Corticosteroids for vitiligo treatment are used to restore lost pigment in mild vitiligo. Treatment should be started early to increase chances of effectiveness. Since they require to be used for a period of time, a professional should direct their use. Patients should be familiar with the potential side effects of using corticosteroids.

Lasers and lights boxes:

Lasers are more commonly used than light boxes. The main advantage of lasers is that they can be focused on small areas such as vaginal region. They excel in treating small areas and localized spots. Widespread vitiligo is practically not treatable with lasers. Patients are required to sit in light boxes which shine controlled light on most of the affected areas.

PUVA therapy:

PUVA therapy is an improvised form of light therapy. It perhaps is the most commonly used, effective and practical vitiligo treatment. During PUVA therapy, a substance called psoralen is first applied directly or taken by mouth. After that, UVA light is used to stimulate production of more melanocytes. Psoralen is derived from plants and has the ability to restore skin color. UVA light has the same effect that prolonged sun exposure has on the skin.

Skin grafting:

This is quite a crude treatment option but works in 90% or more of all cases. Here, normal skin is transplanted from elsewhere and implanted on the affected areas. After treatment, side effects such as scarring and cobblestone-like skin may occur. This treatment may be suited for vitiligo on back and private areas where scarring is not a major concern.

Micropigmentation:

Since the problem with vitiligo affected areas is lack of melanocytes, micropigmentation addresses the problem by implanting pigment in affected areas. This option is obviously not applicable for widespread vitiligo. In fact, it is commonly used for vitiligo on the lips.

Depigmentation:

Depigmentation is only the easier option when dealing with universal vitiligo skin disorder. Universal vitiligo means that more than 50% of skin pigment has been lost. The easier way to deal with this is getting rid of pigment from other body areas.

Home treatments for vitiligo on private areas

A good number of vitiligo on private parts patients will find it easier to deal with the problem at home. This may not be the best option however. Not getting treated may soon have you dealing with other vitiligo cycles elsewhere in the body. Regardless, below are home treatments that may help:

Ginkgo biloba:

Taking 40mg of ginkgo biloba vitiligo dose 3 times in a day has been said to reduce progression as well as restore pigment. The herb has been involved in a number of clinical trials but further research is required to confirm its mode of action and effectiveness.

Essential oils:

Essential oils are popular home remedies used to improve a variety of skin conditions. Good examples that may improve vitiligo signs include black pepper oil, bergamot oil, coconut oil and tea tree oil.

Stress management:

Stress is a common vitiligo trigger. If you are predisposed to it or have been diagnosed, it is advisable to always keep your stress levels managed. Regular exercises, yoga, massage and talk therapy may help.

Proper diet:

Some food types may worsen or improve vitiligo. Vitamins C and B-12 combined with folic acid are good choices. Zinc and copper promote a healthy immune system and promote pigment production respectively. Leafy vegetables, wild caught fish, almonds and carrots are examples of foods to consider. Citrus fruits, carbonated beverages, processed and junk foods should all be avoided. Be careful not to leave some important nutrients from your diets in attempt to control vitiligo. A professional or your doctor may be of a lot of help in this case.

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