Some conditions and substances irritate the skin and result in red patches of dry skin on the hands and fingers. Such conditions and substances include hereditary factors, harsh weather conditions, irritant agents and compromised immunity.
With continued exposure, the dryness can develop into blisters, which upon drying cause peeling and cracking of the affected skin. Severe cases cause deep fissures that are often very painful. This condition is known as Dyshidrotic eczema. It occurs on soles of the feet and the palms.
Dyshidrotic eczema can be localized on fingers. On pictures and images, the red patches and blisters are shown to appear on both sides of the fingers. When caused by irritants, the areas between fingers are most affected.
Eczema is not contagious or fatal. It is however terribly itchy and sometimes painful. Efficiency at work is greatly reduced in severe cases. In most cases, blisters take about 2-4 weeks to dry out. The drying gives way to drying, scaling, flaking and cracking. It is for this reason that eczema treatment is usually very necessary.
Types and eczema on fingers causes
Before dipping into the type that affects fingers, it is important to first understand what eczema is. Several skin conditions are collectively referred to as eczema. Different types are identified in regards to where they appear. For example, the condition can appear on the scalp and leave the face unaffected. The same can appear on lips and leave the eyes unaffected. Eczema on theface pictures can illustratively elaborate more.
The type of eczema that affects the hands and fingers is closely related to the type that affects the feet. In fact, the term dyshidrotic eczema is used indistinguishably. It however is further divided into the following types:
- Cheiropompholyx (mostly appears on hands)
- Dyshidrosis (most common on fingertips and palms)
- Foot-and-hand eczema
- Vesicular (palmoplantar) eczema
What causes eczema on fingers?
The actual causes of eczema on the fingers are not known. Since there are many reasons to associate eczema with seasonal allergies, flare-ups tend to appear more during spring allergy seasons. Damp and moist environments can act as trigger agents. Metals such as nickel (found in plated jewelry) and cobalt (found in enamel and paints) can also trigger outbreaks.
All types show similar general symptoms regardless of where they occur. Red patches will appear, which are accompanied by itch and dryness. Depending on control and treatment measures applied after the first symptoms, blisters and ‘weeping’ crusts may form on the affected areas. On scalp eczema pictures, the scaling effect can be clearly seen.
How to get rid of eczema on fingers medically
Eczema on hands can be a source of great discomfort. Often, the best treatment alternative involves medical treatment. In clinics, any of the following approaches for how to get rid of eczema on fingers can be used:
These are common anti-inflammation medications. Some are available over the counter while stronger ones must be prescribed by a doctor. They usually come in form of cream and ointments. Severe cases call for pills or injections.
They are anti-itch medications which mostly help with sleeping difficulties caused by eczema symptoms.
Eczema blisters feel like small lesions or bumps on fingers. In a clinic, a doctor may decide to drain them manually. Naturally, they take almost 3 weeks to drain.
In the event that blisters have formed open sores or cracks have developed, antibiotics will be necessary to keep from bacterial entry.
UV rays can be used to encourage development of new healthy skin once the flawed one has sloughed off. This treatment approach is very effective but can take up to six months to be most effective.
Allergies are due to overreaction of the immune system. As mentioned earlier, eczema flares are thought to be triggered by allergens. Some ointments can be prescribed to suppress the immune system and prevent allergic reactions in the process.
How to treat types of eczema on fingers at home
Some dyshidrotic eczema home remedies can prove effective when it comes to how to treat the different types of eczema on fingers. They include:
It is a skin soother and can help you to avoid infections. To use it, make a solution with water and soak the affected fingers for about 15 minutes.
A cup of finely ground oatmeal added to bath water has many eczema healing properties. It can help reduce inflammation, it is a moisturizer and very mild even for sensitive skins. Soaking in the bath water for about 15 minutes can help greatly with most types of eczema.
Aloe Vera is arguably the most popular natural skin treatment remedy. Its benefits for eczema treatment arise from the fact that it is a moisturizer as well as an anti-microbial. The herb is also very mild and will rarely irritate a sensitive skin. In fact, aloe Vera is used for eczema near the eye treatment. Fresh aloe leaves are the best if you can access them.
You will certainly need to keep the affected fingers moisturized to keep from cracking. Since some moisturizers can irritate the skin more, essential oils are a better option. Considerable options include jojoba oil, lavender oil and coconut oil. Their application can be done directly. Essential oils have many benefits, including easing itchiness as well as keeping from microbial infections.
If oatmeal is not accessible, chamomile can readily take its place. It is an anti-inflammatory flower which also helps rejuvenate flawed skin. About 4 tablespoons added to your bathwater can very definitley aid in recovery from eczema, especially eczema between the fingers which causes terrible itchiness.
Shea butter cream
A DIY cream made from Shea butter, honey, jojoba and coconut oil have some of the most relieving effects. It can not only ease eczema symptoms but also hasten the healing process. To make the cream, first melt the honey (or beeswax). Add Shea butter and stir. Add the two essential oils and leave the mixture to cool before applying.
How to cure eczema on fingers over the counter
Some corticosteroids such as 1% hydrocortisone and cortizone-10 are available over the counter. They can be used to reduce inflammation due to eczema.
Antibiotic creams can also be bought over the counter. Antibiotics are however only necessary when there are openings on the skin.
Antihistamines too can be accessed over the counter. As said before, they are very helpful in regards to reducing itchiness what may alter sleeping patterns.
Even with over the counter options, it is always advisable that a doctor be consulted before use. Some of these medications come with side effects and are most helpful in different situations. For example, a best eczema cream for hands treatment may not be the best for scalp treatment. This is not to mention the fact that self-diagnosis with pictures and images can lead to the wrong conclusions.
Natural preventive and treatments for eczema on fingers
Preventive measures are necessary for long-term treatment of eczema. They can for one help avoid recurrent outbreaks. It will also be possible to know what to do in the advent of a flare-up.
Cold compressing can help with the burning sensation and itchiness even without medications. It is not a complicated procedure and doesn’t require anything that you are unlikely to already have in the house.
Understand the triggers
It’s definitely for the best if you can identify possible causes of the eczema on the fingers and hands. This can be achieved by keeping track of the potential allergens and irritants you may be coming into contact with. If contact with the triggers can be avoided, chances are that flare-ups will be few and far between.
Supplements such as fish oil pills are rich in essential fatty acids. These are raw materials needed to make new skin cells. Taking them while on eczema treatment therapy can help speed up the healing process. Vitamin supplements can also be considered.
Try petroleum jelly
Petroleum jellies protect the skin from drying as well as trauma from harsh environmental conditions. The good thing is that they are readily available even over the counter. Vaseline is a good example.
Consider diet adjustments
Food products are in some cases sources of allergic reactions. Try keeping out foods you are allergic to from your meal plans. The same goes to nickel, chromium and cobalt rich foods. Be sure to check with your doctor on this. Keeping trace minerals away from your diet may not be for the best.
Avoid hot and frequent baths
Hot showers are a bad idea when dealing with eczema. A lukewarm water bath is better. The same goes to frequent hand-washing and with fancy soaps. Only wash your hands when there is need to, for example after using the bathroom.
It is always advisable to seek medical attention once the earliest symptoms are noticed. In a hospital, a doctor will help come up with the best treatment approach, one that will not only see the condition cured but also prevented from coming back frequently.
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