Diaper rash is a common condition during infancy. It mostly affects babies during their first 9-12 months of life. While much can be done to prevent the condition, it usually is not due to negligence that it occurs to begin with.
The most common cause of diaper rash is irritation brought about by wetness in the diaper area. Other things such as use of antibiotics and certain foods can also be the culprits. Normally, the rash presents with redness, irritation and mild swelling.
Medical treatment is not always necessary. This is especially when dealing with mild cases. Home care and perhaps the application of some over the counter creams will get the job done. The rash takes about 2-3 days to clear with appropriate care. Complications of diaper rash are not very common. One of them is bleeding blisters. In this article, we investigate its causes, treatment and how it can be prevented.
Causes of diaper rash with blisters
What causes severe diaper rash? Blistering is one of the symptoms of diaper rash. It occurs when a baby’s skin that comes into contact with the diaper becomes repeatedly irritated. Causes of diaper rash with blisters include the following.
What causes diaper rash in newborns? Babies often get diarrhea. As it is to be expected, the diaper area repeatedly comes into contact with fecal matter and urine during diarrhea bouts. That mixture contains ammonia, an alkaline substance which will definitely prove a source of irritation. Diarrhea is not always necessarily what causes the rash.
A combination of the right remedy and a couple of self care measures are usually enough to get rid of a diaper rash. When it happens that a rash persists for more than 3 days, however, the chances are that you are dealing with a yeast infection. Use of antibiotics, whether by mother or baby, is the common cause of yeast overgrowth in the diaper region which may cause a bit of a rash. Signs of diaper rash due to yeast overgrowth are more pronounced.
Staphylococcus bacteria that live on the skin may reach superficial tissue through cracks on the skin such as sores caused by a preexisting diaper rash. When sores become infected, impetigo or cellulitis can result. Both are potentially dangerous although impetigo is less serious.
It is much easier to use scented wipes when changing your baby’s diapers. The problem is that such wipes may contain a fragrance that will irritate the sensitive skin of your baby. Other than wipes, chemical irritation can be caused by washing detergents or certain brands of diapers.
Types of diaper rash bleeding blisters
There are various ways in which diaper rash bleeding blisters can present. Since treatment sometimes depends on the cause, it is important to know the types of diaper rash there are.
Irritant diaper rash:
This is the type responsible for most cases of diaper rash. It is caused by prolonged exposure to wetness, such as when soiled diapers go unchanged for a long time. The inner thighs and buttocks are mostly affected by this. The rash causes redness or pinkness accompanied by swelling. This type of diaper rash often resolves on its own when the baby is left to go without diapers for some time.
Allergic diaper rash:
As the name suggests, this type is caused by contact with an irritant or an allergen. Sources of allergens and irritants include lotions, washing detergents, fragrances, creams and so on. If diaper rash bouts break out once you have introduced a new product, it could be of this type. You may notice redness or pinkness with areas where the skin is broken or irritated. This type of diaper rash can be treated by getting rid of the source of irritation or allergy.
Candida (yeast) diaper rash:
We all have microbes living on our skin. Maintaining the balance in the number of these microbes keeps them from causing infection. When your baby needs to take antibiotics, such as due to an ear infection, the number of gastrointestinal bacteria may reduce. This in turn may result in yeast overgrowth which will cause diaper rash. When a yeast infection is responsible, the diaper rash presents with redness and inflammation. In some cases, there will be bumps or sores. It also may extend to the vulva or testicles. This type of diaper rash is best treated by a doctor.
Bacterial diaper rash:
Diaper rash can result when bacteria enter the baby’s skin through sores or other forms of skin injuries. The most common sign of bacterial diaper rash is the formation of pus-filled blisters. The blisters often break open before scabbing over. See staph infection diaper rash pictures. Like yeast infections, this type of diaper rash is best treated by a doctor.
Diaper rash can also be categorized based on its severity. Mild forms include where the present signs are slight redness or pinkness and perhaps a number of papules. If the primary cause of the rash is not eradicated, pinkness and redness may become more extensive. More papules or pustules will form along the direction of color changes.
Severe diaper rash is indicated by intense and extensive redness. The affected skin looks scaly or flaky. You may also notice that almost all papules have developed into pustules and are oozing. At this stage, you should check with your doctor. Untreated severe diaper rash can lead to large areas of soreness, blistering and bleeding. It can also be a source of secondary infection.
Medical diaper rash blisters treatment
If you notice a very bad rash, especially where bleeding, sores and pus are involved, the best option is to seek medical diaper rash blisters treatment.
Diagnosis will be done prior to treatment. Here, your doctor will require to know the symptoms plus your child’s medical history.
Toddler and infant diaper rash treatment can be done with a mild hydrocortisone cream. This is a type of steroidal medications that help reduce swelling and other symptoms such as itchiness. If the rash is suspected to be caused by yeast overgrowth, antifungal cream will be prescribed. Bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics such as neomycin and bacitracin creams.
Although some creams to treat diaper rash are available over the counter, it is advisable to first go for diagnosis before treatment. This is because you can keep using a certain medication but for the wrong purpose, so medical advice is the best idea. A diaper rash cream for adults is also not always recommended for use in babies.
Diaper rash bleeding treatment at home
Over the years, a number of home remedies have been shown to bring good results when dealing with diaper rash. Below are some diaper rash bleeding treatment at home options you can try:
Baking soda is one of the best home remedies for the treatment of diaper rash caused by bacteria or yeast infections. Baking soda is also known for its ability to promote faster healing of wounds. To use baking soda for a diaper rash, add a cup or two to warm bath water. Sit your baby in the water for about 10 minutes. Rinse with fresh water afterwards and pat dry. Repeat treatment with baking soda twice a day for best results.
Oatmeal contains a substance known as saponin. This is the substance that makes oatmeal baths so soothing and excellent options with which to treat skin irritation. Oatmeal baths also add proteins to the skin, which further aids in the healing process. While oatmeal can be used on its own, you can try combining it with milk and baking soda for bleeding diaper rash blisters. But it is better that you try one product individually at first before using several of them together. To use oatmeal, add 2 teaspoons of the powder to bath water.
Essential oils have for a long time been known to restore skin integrity and treat many forms of skin conditions. For diaper rash, coconut oil and olive oil are perhaps the best options. Coconut oil hydrates the skin and protects from fungal and bacterial infections. Olive oil can also be used for the same benefits.
Apple cider vinegar
If you suspect that bacteria or fungi may be causing diaper rash, apple cider vinegar is an excellent home remedy to consider. It has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. Since apple cider vinegar can cause irritation to sensitive skin, it should be diluted with water and applied with a cotton ball. Avoid using it on broken skin.
Some experts do not recommend the use of cornstarch for diaper rash treatment. However, cornstarch is one of the oldest home remedies used to treat this skin condition. To use it, sprinkle some of it on dry skin when changing your baby’s diaper.
Bag balm is a salve used to soothe cow’s teats and udder after milking. Bag balm for diaper rash has been shown to be with quite impressive benefits. This is especially when skin irritation, cracking, scaling or flaking is involved. Bag balm is available in drugstores and online stores.
Witch hazel is said to have very similar benefits to mild hydrocortisone cream. It has anti-inflammatory properties and also reduces pain. In fact, the plant also contains antiseptic properties which help in skin healing. It is a very considerable option for discomforting diaper rash. To use witch hazel for a diaper rash, mix a teaspoon with a cup of water. You can apply it directly, but the better option is to use a spray bottle to apply the mixture uniformly.
You can also try making a homemade diaper rash cream with Shea butter, beeswax and an essential oil. For most benefits, add some zinc oxide and cod liver oil to the mixture. Zinc oxide is important because it soothes irritated skin.
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