Lupus patients will almost certainly experience some sort of skin condition. A lupus rash is common, which will keep flaring-up and reoccurring, depending on how serious the lupus disease is.
A simple lupus definition revolves around the immune system attacking normal body cells and organs. It is classified as an autoimmune disease. Lupus is a very serious disease. Although you may find it classified with other skin conditions such as vaginal warts and skin tags, lupus is far more serious and can be fatal.
When lupus symptoms are exclusively limited to the skin, internal organs such as the heart and kidneys are spared from inflammation. However, there are chances that the disease will spread to the organs if left untreated. This is because lupus is a progressive and chronic disease.
What is lupus rash disease; meaning and definition
Lupus rash disease, also referred to as cutaneous lupus, occurs in three main forms. Depending on the form, different types of skin bumps and lesions will develop. The lesions will appear on parts of the body that are exposed to direct UV rays mainly from the sun. These include the arms, legs and the face.
To treat lupus of the skin, a dermatologist will first need to conduct a biopsy. This is aimed at uncovering the form of cutaneous lupus that is being experienced. Diagnosis criteria is also used to help in this matter.
Forms of lupus rash skin disease
As we saw earlier, there are three main forms of cutaneous lupus. There are long and detailed scientific explanations for lupus on sites such as Wikipedia. For now, though, we will focus on the main details you should know about lupus of the skin.
Depending on the type, different symptoms and treatment options are available. The forms include:
Chronic cutaneous lupus
This form is also referred to as discoid lupus. With this form, circular lesions will appear, mainly on the scalp. These lesions are painless. The giveaway characteristics are reddened, firm and scaly appearance. When the lesions are healed, scarring will be left behind. Affected scalp areas will also experience the loss of hair as it falls out.
1 in every 10 individuals with this form will ultimately have the disease spread to other body organs. At other times, patients with systematic lupus will only initially experience the symptoms of discoid lupus.
Cancer has also been observed to develop in patients who did not receive treatment. At home, natural treatment revolves around protective measures to keep away from direct exposure to artificial and natural sources of light.
Subacute cutaneous lupus
Reddened patches that are filled with lesions are most common with this form of lupus. No pain or itchiness will result from the lesions.
With time, the lesions will heal naturally. They do not leave scars but often cause some transformations on the skin. Lupus symptoms such as fever and fatigue are rare in this case.
Again, this form mainly attacks parts of the body that often become exposed to direct sunlight. Preventive measures that revolve around protecting from UV rays should be taken.
Acute cutaneous lupus
Think of what a butterfly would look like, if placed or tattooed on the cheekbones, so that the wings are to settle on either side of the cheekbones. In this form of lupus skin disease, a rash resembling such a butterfly will develop.
Patients with systematic lupus are more likely to develop this form. Like the previous forms, this rash will not itch or cause pain. It can, however, lead to skin irritation as well as discoloration.
Other skin diseases related to lupus skin disease:
Sensitivity to light
Even with artificial lighting such as florescent bulbs, the skin will become irritated. However, the reaction to exposure to sun is more violent.
Patients are advised to avoid such exposures or use protective creams and clothing. Sunscreens with Helioplex are most recommended.
Symptoms in men and women include sores occurring around and in the oral region. They are very similar to canker sores or sores that develop after you remove skin tags.
A doctor can prescribe a mouthwash to reduce the pain or discomfort resulting from such sores. This also hastens the recovery process.
Constriction of vessels that supply blood to the toes and fingers causes this syndrome. Here, the affected areas will develop a blue coloration.
Gloves and socks should be worn to prevent the worst symptoms related to this syndrome.
In this case, normal blood flow is inhibited by constriction of blood vessels near the surface of the skin. With time, lesions will form which end up in dead tissues on the skin. Initially, you can take the lesions formed in this case for a mole on the face or something similar.
Surgical removal can be performed to remove the dead tissues. In cases where large ulcers develop on fingers, the affected parts may need to be amputated.
Hives are the lesions that form in case of an allergic reaction. They will almost certainly itch and cause discomfort. Since hives due to allergies do not last long, a doctor should be notified if they are last more than a day.
Small and reddened lesions on the skin may develop on the legs. This is caused by a diminished platelet count in the blood. Platelets are blood organs that control clotting of blood to prevent from excessive bleeding.
Loss of hair
Although some other conditions can cause aggravated loss of small hairs on the skin, the same is common in lupus rash patients. The eyebrows and scalp are most affected.
Diagnosing cutaneous lupus symptoms:
Doctors usually perform a skin biopsy. Here, a sample piece of the skin will be taken and viewed under a microscope. Blood samples will also be collected for examination.
Lupus symptoms in children are rare and minimal when they occur. It is in fact very possible that you are mistaking other health conditions for lupus symptoms in children. The condition usually develops after the patient is over fourteen years of age.
How is lupus disease and symptoms in children or adults treated?
You find that lupus symptoms in women are more common than symptoms in men. Symptoms in children are rare, especially with children under the age of 14 years. Statistics show that 9 in every 10 cases of lupus will be reported in women in the child-bearing age.
The particular treatment option settled on depends on the form being treated. Creams are frequently used, although injections with artificial hormones may be considered. Rarely will surgical options such as amputation be considered.
In most cases, corticosteroids are used to treat lupus, regardless of its form. They are mostly available in gels, ointments and creams.
Doctors also use a variety of active treatment options such as retinoids, antimalarial drugs, and vitamin A.
Generally, a long list of available treatment options is available for both management and treatment of lupus. The best approach is to be on the lookout for lupus symptoms and notify a doctor.
Since the symptoms can also be experienced in other health conditions, a clinical diagnosis is the only way you can be certain that it is lupus that you are dealing with. In fact, even in a clinic, a doctor may depend on diagnosis criteria. In this case, more than 4 symptoms will need to be identified.
Preventing lupus symptoms in females and men
Like many health conditions, including a skin tag on eyelid and such, the exact cause of lupus is not known. It is, however, understood that the disease develops when the immune system mistakes some body cells and organs for foreign agents.
For this reason, keeping away from factors known to trigger lupus or worsen its symptoms is of vital importance. This also includes learning what lupus does and what it means.
One of the main protective measures is protecting from direct or long exposures to sun and UV light. You can achieve this by applying sunscreens or staying indoors. Clothing such as sleeved shirts and full dresses can also help.
If the lupus disease is active, patients are advised to see a doctor. In clinics, doctors will prescribe or advise on the best sunscreen product to make use of.
Lupus definition; complications related to the skin disease
If lupus skin disease does not develop to systematic lupus, the main complications that may develop revolve around losing skin pigmentation and scarring. This mainly occurs during hot seasons such as the summer.
Major complications arise when the disease develops into systemic lupus. In this case, vital organs such as the heart and kidneys will become inflamed. Without treatment, such complications are fatal. It is very important that clinical treatment be sought in such cases.
The problem is that the symptoms of lupus flare-up and remits after some time. For this reason, most people will either ignore or mistake the symptoms.
Other complications include loss of skin hair and depression.
Can lupus skin disease be treated at home?
You will find a list of home remedies such as apple cider vinegar being advertised for a variety of skin conditions treatment.
Home remedies will help reduce inflammations or discomfort caused by lupus rash. Some such as omega fatty acids, vitamin D supplements and probiotics can aid in active prevention and managed of lupus.
While home remedies can be used without consulting a doctor when treating conditions such as bumps on the penis, it is not the same for lupus. Always make sure that your doctor is aware of any measures taken to treat lupus with home remedies.
Home treatment for lupus can be compared with scabies treatment. Although you can succeed in getting rid or easing the symptoms, only clinical removal can succeed in wholly treating or managing the condition itself.