Most of us are familiar with papules that pop up somewhere on the skin, mostly on the face. These are known as acne and although they can be painful, they usually clear on their own. In fact, conventional treatment is rarely essential.
Sometimes, an angry, reddened and very painful bump can appear and persist for longer than you would like. When that happens, you most likely are dealing with cystic acne. It is the most extreme acne can get. Unfortunately, it is not one of the rare skin disorders.
If for any reason you suspect that you have developed this form of acne, don’t wait for it to heal naturally. In fact, don’t put all your hopes in home treatment methods, either.
What is cystic acne; acne pictures
So what is cystic acne exactly? You may want to compare different cystic acne pictures available online for better identification. It can be confused with other conditions such as rosacea on face, cavernous hemangioma and such.
In the case of this form of acne, very reddened and enormous bumps will appear on the skin. They can occur on the face, upper arms, back, neck and basically anywhere on the skin including the buttocks.
By just looking at cystic acne, you may take it for a boil or cold sores. However, they will not form sores but rather raised areas of the skin which appear painful even from a distance.
The bumps may form white tips or black ones. When infected, they become more painful and more swollen. Picking at them will always end up by irritating them more.
Cystic acne causes; acne on back, chin, face and body
Normally, acne develops when sebum, skin hydrating oil, gets trapped inside skin pores. The skin has pores all over it, which are holes through which hair grows and which also take part in excretion and thermal regulation processes.
When the sebum gets trapped, the skin pores get blocked. This invites other forms of skin dirt such as dead skin layers into the mixture. From time to time, bacteria known as P. acnes finds a way into the mix, where it feeds on the sebum and dirt.
This doesn’t go so well with the immune system. In response, the body sends immune cells to fight off the bacteria. With all the commotion, pus and all sorts of dirt, the surrounding areas around the affected follicle swell.
At first, acne is usually not painful. But when bacteria and immune system are involved, a lot of pain and discomfort are inevitable. Something can be borrowed from lupus definition, since the immune system will be causing more harm to the body than it would be expected.
Cystic acne forms when the above described commotion occurs deep into the skin. In this case, more nerve cells and skin tissues are directly involved and affected.
This form of acne can occur in children as young as eight years old, and it can also be seen in later ages, such as up to those in their fifties. All the same, teenagers and women experiencing hormonal changes are most predisposed.
As it stands, exact cystic acne causes have not been identified. But we can comfortably rely on the information provided above based on how normal acne forms.
Most experts agree that the actual causes have something to do with androgenic hormones. It has also been observed that people in family lineages known to develop this form of acne are more likely to develop it in turn. The same is true for individuals with very oil skins and ones who have suffered a previous outbreak.
Below is a quick breakdown on potential cystic acne causes;
- Some drugs and medications such as corticosteroids (which make skin oily)
- Imbalances in hormone levels
- Some skin care products
- Genetic predisposition
- Environmental factors that encourage sweating
How to get rid of cystic acne with home treatment
First, it is important that we insist on the fact that cystic acne doesn’t respond too well to acne home treatment. In fact, you may end up with large depression of scars by treating them at home or waiting for them to heal naturally.
Cystic acne home treatment is aimed at controlling the condition from getting worse. Below are the main ways on how to get rid of cystic acne at home:
Don’t pop them
Cystic acne will look so ripe for popping, just like boils. But never fall to the temptation. They occur deep into the skin that trying to get whatever is inside out will not only hurt aggressively but also slow the healing process.
Try some cold compresses
An ice cube wrapped in a piece of clothing can help with the redness and also the size. Try it several times a day. Be careful not to overdo it to a point of causing numbness or pain.
Exfoliate and cleanse
To avoid follow-up breakouts, ensure that your skin is kept exfoliated and cleansed. This goes for acne on the back, chest or wherever it may be appearing. Try some over the counter products containing glycolic acid, ascorbic acid and other fruity ingredients. Cut down on fancy skin care products and remember to protect yourself from UV.
Maintain general hygiene
The very pillowcase or facecloth that you use daily but unfortunately forget to wash may be the source of the nightmare. Try softening cleanse detergents to reduce irritations and also remember to disinfect them next time you are doing your laundry. Hygiene is also very important when treating genital psoriasis.
Find yourself some time out
Stress is a main contributing factor to angry acne. The best way to combat stress is to find some meditation time and some serious play time after that.
Also, ensure that your body gets the much rest it needs. 8 hours of sleep daily may succeed in reducing acne outbreaks by 20% or more.
Learn more about essential oils
Skin soothers, microbial killers, anti-inflammatories and more are just some of the nick names you can come up with to describe essential oils. You can use them directly on the skin or in bath water for acne on neck and other parts such as the back and chest.
When using these oils, ensure that you have also worn sunscreen or just avoid being out in the sun for long.
Best treatment to get rid of acne
Various treatment options can be chosen from to get rid of cystic acne. They include:
This is a well-known option, and one of the best treatments for acne. It can be used with guidelines from a health official or just according to manufacturer guidelines.
If you suspect the cystic acne is resulting from excess oil on the skin, go for alcohol based products that contain this product. They work by dehydrating the skin. Water based products are available as an alternative.
Topical products containing this product have been used for a long time as medicine for acne. They work by opening up skin pores and preventing acne from worsening. They can be used with bacterial fighting creams or other acne home remedies for better performance. Over the counter products with retinoid are sometimes used against moles on skin.
This is perhaps the most powerful cystic acne treatment that a dermatologist may prescribe. It is not available over the counter.
The medication takes advantage of vitamin A benefits to the skin and its healing abilities. It produces positive effects in less than 6 months.
The problem is that some side effects are to be expected when using this medication. Make sure to ask your doctor about the same.
Injections containing forms of steroids can be injected to reduce the size of the cystic acne. The injections may also succeed in preventing severe scarring once the acne is gone.
Antibiotics can be used to control the spread of bacteria and in large scale cystic acne invasions. Such is common for back acne which extends to the neck, upper arms and even the lower body parts.
Antibiotics are only meant to act as ‘first aid’, and will not address issues related to oily skin and clogging of skin pores. Consult your doctor for severe and cystic acne that is spreading.
If the name is too long for you to read correctly, it is probably because the drug isn’t to be commonly used as an acne home remedy. Otherwise, complicated pregnancy and birth issues might just be what you are to deal with.
Only a doctor should administer this drug. It works best in women with acne on chin, most probably because of androgenic hormone imbalance.
In women, pills primarily used for birth control can be used to manage the amount of sebum secreted in the skin. It is always necessary to get prescription from your doctor. This is especially if you are having plans to extend or start a family.
Foods to get rid of cystic acne and for acne home treatment
You may be interested to know that the particular foods that you may eat daily have a very large part to play in regards to cystic acne. In fact, reviewing your diet is one of the most effective acne home treatment or prevention options.
Foods to include in your diet:
Supplementing with zinc has been shown to greatly reduce acne outbreaks. What’s more, the same supplements can be used as cystic acne home treatment options.
Try foods very rich in zinc for cystic acne. Zinc is a natural immune booster. It also plays an important role in balancing body hormones.
Fish oils are the richest sources, although walnuts and the like can also be used as a source. Too many anti-acne benefits are associated with omega-3s that we wouldn’t exhaust them in this platform.
Carrots are loaded with this vitamin, so is kale and even sweet potatoes. The vitamin is so important in fighting acne and related conditions such that two main convectional treatment medics are based on it. This is the vitamin you most need to prevent razor bumps and other related common skin conditions.
These work by keeping fluids from leaking from the gut. This is a common cause of inflammation among other worrying health conditions. Leaking gut is among the signs of lupus.
Veggies and proteins
Vegetables such as broccoli and spinach are exactly what the liver needs to maintain body hormones balance. Proteins on the other hand maintain blood chemistry, which play a key role in formation and healing of cystic acne.
Foods to stay away from
It seems the only good sugar in diets does is make the producing companies filthy rich. From giving you diabetes to promoting weight gain, sugar will encourage frequent acne flare ups.
Unless it is fermented milk, dairy products are not what you want in your diet when dealing with cystic acne.
Processed, fried, canned and so on foods are a terribly a bad idea if maintaining good general health, including weight loss and acne treatment, is to be successful.