It is estimated that for every man who develops a corn, four women will develop the same if all factors are kept constant. This is mostly attributed to the fact that women have a tendency to wear fancier footwear such as high heels, and correspondingly, often do not wear socks.
So what is a corn on your foot? To tell the difference between a corn and a callus, you will need to know what causes a corn and what it looks like. In fact, it is best that we learn what both look like, for the sake of comparison.
What is a corn on your foot; pictures and images
The most common tell-tale symptom of a corn is a small hardened spot appearing on the top part of your foot. They mostly appear on the toes, the parts that are in direct contact with shoes. The chances are high that you have been experiencing some discomfort in your feet when standing or walking, if you are starting to develop a corn. Most tend to be painful and cause irritation. They take a definite shape and cover a small surface area where some pressure is usually exerted.
A callus, on the other hand, appears on the sole, the bottom of the foot. Unlike a corn, a callus occupies a larger surface area and is flattened. This is caused by constant pressure exerted on plantar parts, such as the ball of the foot, when walking. Most are not painful and rarely cause irritation. They also are irregularly shaped.
On picture and images, both will appear as silver/whitish rough spots. They are easily identifiable from warts or moles but not bunions; warts appear as skin growths while moles are colored bumps.
Corns rarely pose health threats especially when not infected. In fact, they result from natural body mechanisms to protect the delicate parts of the feet. If friction on the foot was to go without being managed, it would end up causing painful and open blisters.
There are some terms that you will come across when looking for more information on a corn on the foot. They include:
- Soft corn – here, a delicate, mostly painful red spot will appear between toes. The center is smooth and produces a burning sensation upon touch.
- Hard corn – the small toe is a greatest victim. The corns will appear as stiff and hard bumps covered by a tough skin.
- Fibrous corn – in case you have had a corn for a long period of time, it will ultimately form a fibrous corn. This is because it tends to extend deeper into the skin and will usually cause pain.
- Vascular corn – here, blood vessels will be present inside the mass forming the corn. For this reason, they tend to bleed and be very painful when a source of friction is present.
- Seed corn – this one prefers the ball of foot. It is usually painful.
- Callus – any body part that is subjected to constant friction is likely to develop a callus. It basically is an accumulation of dead skin.
If you have more than one form of skin condition and you are not certain of the causes or identification, you can compare them with online images and pictures for better identification details.
Causes of Corn on the bottom of the foot and what it looks like
Can a corn develop on the bottom of the foot? Although we have observed that corns on the bottom of the foot are rare, they still can develop. They can form on the ball of the foot, heel and side of foot. Here are the common causes:
- Not wearing shoes – stones and other rough materials on the ground will constantly cause friction on the bottom of foot. With time, the friction will form a corn to protect the sole from bruises.
- Not wearing socks – although they are mostly meant to absorb the sweat produced in feet, socks also act as a protective layer. This keeps the bottom of foot from constantly rubbing against shoes or any other type of footwear you are using.
- Too tight socks – although they may not contribute to the formation of corns on the bottom of the foot, tight socks may lead to the formation of soft corns.
- High heels – women who wear high heels are more likely to develop corns on their toes and ball of foot. This is because such footwear leads to unevenly distributed pressure on feet.
- Poorly fitting shoes – closed and especially poorly fitting shoes are perhaps the leading causes of corns. In fact, you will find that poorly fitting shoes will first wear out by the small and large toe. You can imagine the amount of friction it will require to wear out a shoe, all of it building up from constant rubbing between your toes and the closed shoes. It is in fact recommended that you wear a shoe that leaves a thumb-sized free space between the edge of your shoe and the toes.
- Wrong posture – it is perhaps not fair to call it a wrong posture, but having a sloppy walking style will increase the chances of developing a corn.
- Deformities – there a couple of deformities that can develop on the feet, such as bunions, and encourage the formation of corns. This includes having a very long toe or toenails. In fact, a doctor may recommend a surgical operation to rectify some deformities especially when they are a regular source of corns on the bottom of the foot.
- Walking or standing for long – if you take part in exercise that require you to walk or stand for long, you are more predisposed to developing corns.
Older people are also more predisposed than their younger counterparts. This is because fat deposits under the skin which act as shock absorbers tend to reduce in volume with age.
Fast foot corn removal options
Fast foot corn removal may call for clinical treatment. In this case, a doctor will perform a minor surgical operation which involves cutting off the raised parts of the corn. You can think of excision, a common wart removal method. It is very important that you do not try this at home on your own.
Fast foot corn removal may also involve trimming, where most of the parts surrounding the corn are done away with. After that, salicylic acid will be applied to get rid of the corn layer by layer.
Infected, bleeding and very painful corns should be treated in a hospital. In this case, the patient will be given antibiotics to accompany any fast foot corn removal option that the doctor or podiatrist has settled on. In fact, an x-ray may be needed to identify any possible deformities that may be encouraging the formation of foot corns.
Best foot corn treatment at home remedies
Luckily enough, corns do not always call for clinical treatment. There are various remedies that can be used for foot corn treatment at home. They include:
- Apple cider vinegar – it is one of the most popular remedies used for different skin conditions treatment at home. For corns, fill a cup halfway with the solution and add it to some warm water in a basin. Use the solution to soak your feet for about quarter an hour. After that, use a bandage to hold a cotton ball dipped in the solution before going to bed.
- Turmeric – turmeric is an anti-inflammatory and can also be used to get rid of anal skin tags. To use it, make a turmeric and mustard oil mixture. Apply the mixture to the corns gradually until the corns clear.
- Lemon – it is an antibacterial and also contains ascorbic acid. These two features make lemon juice a good remedy for foot corn treatment at home. It is very easy to use. Just apply lemon juice from a fresh fruit directly to the corns on a daily basis.
- Onion and garlic – garlic is a common home remedy for ringworm treatment. This is because it is an antifungal agent. Onions, on the other hand, help fight bacteria and also reduce pain. To use either of them, cut a slice that will cover the whole corn and use a bandage to hold the slice in position overnight.
- Epsom salts – as well as reducing irritations, it will also get strip off the accumulated dead skin and get rid of the corn fast.
- Pineapple – a very effective foot corns remover. All you will need to do is cut a piece out of a fresh pineapple peel. After that, use a bandage to hold the inside surface of the peel on the corn overnight.
- Castor oil – a fast and very effective foot corn remover. It works by keeping the corn hydrated to avoid cracking and buildup of pain. In fact, it is also very effective in treating genital warts symptoms at home.
You can also try vitamin E capsules oil, papaya, aspirin paste and turpentine oil. Remember that most of these home remedies will not remove corns quickly or overnight for that matter. However, you are assured that the corns will clear permanently. To achieve this, keep using the home remedy of your choice on daily basis until the corns are gone. Also, keep using a pumice stone to rub off the dead skin on the feet and the corn itself.
Foot corn remedies; before and after results
You may never be sure whether the remedies you are using are working or not. In fact you may find that corns will clear permanently on their own once the source of friction has been eradicated.
To get the most out of foot corn remedies at home, it is best that you keep clear before and after records. These can be in form of images and pictures, which will help you measure how far you have come in getting rid of the corns.
Step by step wiki guidelines can also prove very effective when using foot corn remedies at home. In fact, you will find that one home remedy can be effectively used for a couple of skin conditions, including getting rid of pimples on the head.
Finally, take precautions not to worsen a skin condition, including corns, in the attempt to treat them at home. For example, never use salicylic over the counter pads for treating soft corns. This is especially for people with conditions such as diabetes or hemophilia. Such a move can lead to skin ulcers which are even more complicated to treat.