Contrary to what many people may be made to believe, ringworm is caused by a fungus and not a worm. Also commonly referred to as tinea or dermatophytosis, ringworm appears as a scaly, red rash on a secluded part of the skin. It causes a lot of itching and in some cases peeling of the skin. Tinea is highly contagious, especially through cloth or comb sharing. Apart from being contagious, it is likely that other patches will sprout on other parts of the body not earlier infected. It is common in kids although anyone is susceptible to the disease. Its spread and occurrence is higher in warm climatically conditions. Ringworm also infests common pets like dogs and cats. To ensure that you completely cure the disease, it is important that you also take control measures for such pets. All the same, this article mainly discusses ringworm in humans.
What causes ringworm scalp and body?
The fungi responsible for ringworm scalp and body are of three kinds. Like in all fungus infections, ringworm is spread when one comes into contact with particular fungi’s spores. As a fun fact, the fungus is actually growing on your skin, with the results being felt as the ringworm.
Experts believe that fungi spores survive for long periods in the soil. After directly contacting the soil, individuals get infected. All the same, it is the fact that ringworm is highly contagious that is responsible for most of the reported cases. There are several types of ringworm. They can be identified with the unique way of naming them in accordance to the part of the body they mainly affect.
- Ringworm of the body (tinea corporis) – It mainly appears as ringworm on neck. Here, rashes developed in a circular or ring-like engulfed part of the skin. It prefers areas around the face; chin, neck region, cheeks, nose, ears and eyes.
- Ringworm of the scalp (tinea capitis) – Characterized by scaly patches on the scalp, this type of ringworm is most common in kids. To differentiate from common dandruff, ringworm of the scalp causes hair loss on the affected areas leaving bald patches.
- Athlete’s foot (tinea pedis) – Affects the feet. Common in people who rarely make use of foot wear. In some extreme cases, it can cause complete peeling of the protective part of the foot.
- Jock itch (tinea cruris) – Mainly attacks groins, thighs and genital areas. You can distinguish it by looking for patterns on your inner thighs or buttocks.
Ringworm symptoms in humans
In all types of ringworm, there will be scaly, red patches which are only concentrated inside small ring-like parts of the skin. Common symptoms include itching and drying off of the affected parts.
Scaling of the scalp, almost similar to dandruffs only that it is accompanied by complete hair loss on the affected areas is a common symptom of scalp ringworm. You can check pictures for scalp ringworm to get the best idea on what it looks like.
Small red patches forming inside ring-like secluded parts of the skin, especially the neck are common symptoms of ringworm of the body. Some of the patches may build up slowly but steadily while others may form rapidly.
Other common ringworm symptoms include; peeling skin, irritable skin, itching, foot drying, oozing small skin blisters, whitening of claws, patchy hair loss and irritability between your toes. There are some mild forms in which ringworm sometimes comes in. It is important that you get the necessary help when you notice any of the above symptoms. For example, some mild athlete’s foot forms might take over the whole of your foot and cause peeling off of the entire protective layer. It is also necessary to get ringworm treatment to avoid spreading it to those close to you.
Best ringworm treatment home remedies
Some home remedies can be applied to specifically act as ringworm treatment. Some can be applied to generally act as antifungal remedies. Whichever the case, below are the best home remedies for ringworm treatment.
- Garlic – It takes a period of about 4 weeks to completely get rid of ringworm with garlic. Here, it needs that you add a little olive oil to the garlic cloves and apply the past6e to the affected areas.
- Apple cider vinegar – An anti-bacterial as well as an anti-fungal remedy, apple cider vinegar will get rid of ringworm completely. You may be required to combine this remedy with coconut oil for best results.
- Tea tree oil – When it comes to how to get rid of ringworm with home remedies, tea tree oil will always feature. The best thing is that it is cheaply available.
- Papaya – The tasty fruit with a yellow appearance when ripe, papaya has for long been known to cure ringworm. Its application is not complicated. All you need to do is rub the fresh parts of the fruit on the affected areas.
- Lavender and carrier oil – It is recommended that you use these essential oils together. Preferably, mix 4 drops of lavender oil with 1 teaspoonful of carrier oil.
How to treat ring worm with cream and medication
Fungal infections like ringworm are easy to treat with anti-fungal creams or over the counter medication. In fact, a period of two weeks is enough to clear off even the most notorious ringworm infestations. For a start, you can consider learning more on how to remove fungus at home or with over the counter products.
If you have been using a cream to little or no success for more than two weeks, quit using the same. Preferably, go for over the counter medication prescribed for how to treat ringworm. It is advisable that you get directions from a doctor on how to get rid of ringworm using prescribed medication. Additionally, ensure that you do not drop you dosage intake even when the rash has cleared off.
Below are some anti-fungal medications that can be used as ringworm treatment.
- Allylamines products – You can access them in differ forms. You can opt to start with the cream. If that fails to work, move on to the pills remedy.
- Griseofulvin – Only available in forms of pills, this medication will require you to have a prescription from a doctor. It is not available over the counter.
- Azoles – A good number of these medications can be accessed over the counter. They should be taken orally.
- General anti-fungal – As I already cleared out, ringworm is purely fungal. This means that any professionally prescribed and used anti-fungal will successfully get rid of it. However, never go ahead to try out an anti-fungal that you have not received directions from a doctor on. They may end up bring some undesired side effects.
Ensure that you get the clinical directions on how to use these how to curie ringworm remedies.
Ringworm on neck; cause and treatment for ringworm on face
The face and the neck area are common places for ringworm infestation. Although ringworm does not pose any major health concerns, it ruins both appearance and texture of our skin. This is even worsened when ringworm occurs on face, for it makes it hard to take photos as well as decreases your confidence to appear in public places.
Major symptoms for this type of ringworm include:
- Reddened part of skin infested with an itching rash. With time, the rash may start oozing or being painful.
- Itchy bumps around the outer regions of an area infested by a rash. The bumps are usually red and keep increasing in size and population the more you irritate them. They usually range at an average size of 1-5 cm.
- Bordered rashes on cheeks, forehead, ears, or even the nose; in many cases, the center of the rash will take a similar pigment as your skin. At the edges, the rash takes a ring-like or circular border, a feature that gives it the name ‘ringworm’. Ringworm also infests eyes and the chin.
- Scaling and peeling of the skin especially after ours of being exposed to direct sunlight. It may require you to browse through various images of ringworm on face to get a clear picture.
Ringworm on neck or any part of the face can be easily treated with over the counter medicine. An anti-fungal cream can also easily do away with ringworm after the right application. You can try any of the following over the counter creams; Miconazole, Terbinafine or Clotrimazole.
You will be required to apply the lotion or cream to the affected areas. Keep applying them consistently for a period of about two weeks. If there is no improvement, better that you visit a doctor and get prescribed ringworm medicine. It is important to note that ringworm may infest various parts of the body at the same time. Therefore, ensure that you examine yourself for any other ringworm infestations not noticed before.
Avoid sharing clothes, combs, or coming to close contacts with uninfected members of the family or friends. It is from the fact that ringworm is highly contagious that makes it hard to get rid of ones and for all especially in kids.