Eczema is, in a nutshell, a skin condition that results in red, dry and sometimes blistered or cracked skin patches. It can be mild, acute, severe, infected or chronic. Mild cases are easily treatable, even with topical emollients and moisturizers. Acute eczema is not always severe but can be. Severe eczema is usually accompanied by almost intolerable symptoms. It doesn’t respond well to over the counter or home treatments. Both chronic and infected eczema cases are most likely to be or have been severe. Severe eczema pictures and symptoms can help greatly with self-diagnosis.
It doesn’t get any easier when it comes to how to treat severe eczema. Enough time and appropriate treatment procedures will however bring positive effects.
Best severe eczema treatment options
Below are the main treatment options considered when treating severe eczema:
Strong steroids are available in form of pills and shots. Doctors prescribe them when topical creams have been ineffective. Their main drawback is in the fact that they come with a number of side effects. For this reason, strong steroid medications for eczema are only used for short-term.
Wet wraps are mostly considered for severe cases such as chronic nummular eczema. In this case, a cortisone cream is first massaged on the affected ski regions. After that, one wet bandage is applied, which is then covered on top with a dry one. Wet wraps are good for intense eczema symptoms.
These are also referred to as Calcineurin inhibitors. Eczema is closely associated with an overactive immune system. By inhibiting and modifying some of the immune functions, enough recovery time is allowed for the skin. The main drawback of using immune modifiers for severe eczema treatment is that they come with a number of side effects such as hypertension. Patients are also exposed to infections when immune system is suppressed.
When used for how to treat severe eczema, antihistamines are not aimed at curing the condition. Rather, they are administered to ease eczema itch. You find that eczema rash worsens the more it is scratched. Antihistamines play important roles in regards to how to get rid of severe eczema. They are also very recommendable for infant eczema treatment.
Antibiotics, antiviral and antifungal medications
In rare cases, eczema rash will contract fungal infections. This will call for antifungal medications. Cases of atopic eczema patients contracting herpes simplex virus are not that rare. This leads to a serious infection which must be treated with antiviral medications. In most cases of eczema infection, staphylococcus bacteria strain is responsible. Infected eczema will soon become severe if not treated. Eczema on the fingers, hands and feet is likely to come into contact with bacteria. Severe bacterial infections are treated with prescription antibiotics.
About 7 in 10 patients with severe eczema will see improvements under phototherapy treatment. In this case, controlled UVB rays are exposed on the affected skin regions. The treatment is meant to ease eczema itch, as well as promote natural skin recovery. It however requires a good deal of patience.
Injectable forms of severe eczema treatment drugs such dupilumab are currently being tested. In fact, dupilumab was recently approved for treatment of severe eczema.
How to treat severe eczema naturally
Eczema is not a disease. It is a skin condition. The main difference between a disease and a condition is that the former has causal agent while the latter is triggered rather than caused. This means that controlling the trigger factors for eczema will largely eliminate cases of severe eczema. Below are various tips on how to treat severe eczema naturally;
Understanding your triggers
A lot of importance is associated with understanding the particular triggers that are causing eczema to worsen. Some people will develop eczema due to abrasive clothing for example. Others will develop the same due to changes in weather or contact with allergens. Eczema under the arm can develop due to sweating. You doctor will help preempt on specific factors or activities.
Once you have created a list of likely triggers, start by eliminating them in your lifestyle. With time, the affected skin will recover.
Eliminate abrasive and tight clothing. Wool for example will end up irritating the skin repeatedly. Washing clothes with a mild detergent and double rinsing them can help.
Make use of mild soaps, cleansers and shampoos. Avoid taking more than 2 baths in a day. Many baths end up during the skin unnecessarily. After baths, apply a moisturizer. Humidifiers are also necessary during dry seasons such as winter.
Food products do not cause eczema. They can however worsen the condition. Certain foods are known to cause allergic reactions in some people. Others are too acidic that they end up irritating the skin.
Severe eczema can be controlled by elimination diet and focusing on Mediterranean diet. Elimination diet involves skipping particular foods in diets to determine whether the particular food is triggering eczema flares. Mediterranean diet focuses on replacing acidic foods such as meat with fruits, vegetables and organic oils. Just like wood produces ash after burning, food products too produce a type of ash after being burnt to release energy. Foods like meat release a lot of this ash, and are hence said to be more acidic. Fruits and vegetables are less acidic.
Another approach to control severe eczema through diets involves skipping foods that are known to cause allergic reactions. Good examples include; dairy products, soy, eggs, nuts and gluten.
Processed sugar is known to encourage inflammation in the body, especially in people with diabetes. It is advisable to skip them in diets when dealing with severe eczema. Foods with processed sugar include cakes, some sodas, some smoothies and most canned food.
Diet and eczema are linked, but in a complex way. It will be for the best if you can find more details on the best eczema diet plan.
Severe eczema will most likely cause distortions on the skin. The intolerable itch is also likely to cause sleeplessness. These factors combined, severe eczema patients end up falling victim to a lot of stress.
The bad thing is that stress works by worsening eczema even more. Talking to a therapist will help gain control over the matter.
You can also consider activities that reduce stress. Such include mediation, yoga, massage, acupuncture, exercises and group talks with other eczema patients.
Home remedies for severe eczema
Aloe Vera is one of the most ancient home remedies for severe eczema. It not only soothes irritated skin but also reduces inflammation over time. Aloe gel is an antibacterial. If you can access fresh aloe Vera leaves, squeeze the gel and apply it directly. Antibacterial home remedies are popularly used for nummular and dyshidrotic eczema treatment.
Chamomile is a very effective natural treatment remedy for how to get rid of severe eczema. It calms eczema itch and drastically reduces inflammation. To use it, brew chamomile flowers and use the resulting tea to warm compress on affected regions.
Almond oil is one of the home remedies for severe eczema that will succeed in repairing flawed skin. On top of that, the oil will reduce skin thickening and soothe irritated skin. For best results, apply it on affected body parts after a shower.
Colloidal oatmeal baths are popular natural treatments for eczema. Oatmeal is said to hold skin moisture from evaporating. 2 baths a day with colloidal oatmeal will ease eczema itch and reduce inflammation. You can also make a paste out of oatmeal and water. The paste is to be applied directly.
Coconut oil is one of the best natural moisturizers. It is way much better than a lotion or even irritant creams. When using coconut oil for eczema, choose organic virgin coconut oil. It contains all the minerals and compounds that help fight severe eczema.
Extract from this flower are known to ease pain and reduce inflammation. Since the plant itself can be hard to find, try soaps and detergents that contain the extract.
Below is a quick summary on how to treat severe Eczema: symptoms & home remedies with pictures:
Severe eczema develops over time, usually due to lack of proper treatment.
Medical treatment is the best treatment option to start with.
Natural treatment and home remedies form the largest part of long-term treatment for severe acne. This is because medical treatments are usually with side effects.
It is always best to consult your doctor before starting any treatment option. This is mostly due to the fact that severe eczema is likely or already is infected.