A blood blister on the gums can be a sign of an infection or result from trauma on the gums. In some cases, a medical diagnosis may be necessary to identify the actual cause.
Canker sores are common causes. It is a condition that results in blood blisters in and around the mouth. If the blisters are only localized on the gums, they may be resulting from gum diseases such as gingivitis. In children, hand foot and mouth disease may be the cause.
What causes a blood blister on gum in mouth
Foreign objects in the mouth can cause an irritation on the gums which may end up in some form of damage. Irritation can also be caused by a damaged dental state. Food allergies and irritations from spicy foods may also irritate the gums. Alcohol also causes mouth ulcers.
During dental surgery, a blood vessel may be damaged, leading to a blood clot in the gums. The blood blister that will develop heals within one or two weeks.
Oral ulcers are sometimes referred to as canker sores. They are caused by trauma in the mouth. Trauma can result from hot drinks, spicy foods or infections.
- Gingivitis – caused by bacteria build-up in the gums. Immune response results in inflammation, mostly a type of blood blister.
- Abscessed tooth – this is an advanced form of gingivitis. It occurs when bacteria causes severe tooth decay in the gums. It is usually painful and a common cause of a blood blister on gums above tooth.
- Tumors – tumors can be cancerous or not. In fact, rarely will oral cancer cause a blood blister on gum in mouth. Tumors can be caused by cysts or even boils.
- Hormonal fluctuations – it is common for some women to experience blood blisters on the gum during pregnancy. This is associated with hormonal changes taking place in the body.
- Vitamin deficiency – lack of vitamins A and B12 is associated with blood blisters on the skin, especially in the mouth. A blood blister on the back, where the skin is tight, is likely going to also appear.
- Low platelets count – platelets are responsible for blood clotting, a mechanism that prevents prolonged bleeding. If in low levels, blood blisters will frequently appear.
- Diseases and health conditions – Angina Bullosa Haemorrhagica is commonly associated with blood blister in mouth cheek and under the tongue. A blood blister on gum line may also appear. Herpes simplex virus causes sores on and inside the mouth. Immune suppressing diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and HIV don’t necessarily cause blood blisters but do encourage them to appear. Other diseases associated with blood blisters on gums are Behcet’s disease and bowel disease.
How to remove a blood blister on gum in mouth and on gum line
Your doctor is likely going to prescribe painkillers if the blisters are causing pain. They are very important especially for blood blisters on the gums above the teeth.
Antibacterial mouthwashes and toothpastes may also be prescribed if the blood blister has some connection with bacterial infection. The mouthwashes will also keep from further infection.
Ulcer gels are used to treat blood blister on gum line due to oral ulcers. Sometimes, they can be used with corticosteroids, which work by reducing inflammation.
Antiviral medications may be prescribed if the blisters are due to herpes or hand, foot and mouth disease.
If the blood blister on the gum line is not due to physical injuries or trauma, it is best that medical attention be sought. For example, controlling gingivitis in its early stages can help avoid severe tooth decay. As you can see in the common causes of blood blisters on the gums, most can be of dangerous consequences if not addressed early enough.
How to treat with home remedies
Squeeze aloe gel from fresh leaves. Apply the gel directly on the blistered gum areas. Alternatively, you can use aloe juice to rinse your mouth. Some people also prefer to take aloe juice orally. Whoever treatment you choose, repeat it thrice in a day.
Make a paste using turmeric powder and honey. You can add rose water if available. Apply the paste all around and on the blistered gum. After a couple of minutes, use warm water to rinse your mouth. Honey can also be applied on its own.
Make a paste of baking soda with water and apply it on the affected area. Rinse with water after a few minutes. This remedy is very effective for blood blister on gums above tooth. It gets rid of acids produced by tooth eating bacteria.
Dilute tea tree oil with water. Swirl the mixture in the mouth and hold for a minute or two. Once done, allow fresh air to circulate over the blistered gum. This one of the removal options that help get rid of bacteria on teeth and gums.
Table salt added to warm water is another good option for removing fluid from blistered gums. It keeps the blister dry enough to encourage quicker recovery.
Add some rose water or just ordinary water to witch hazel solution. Swirl the mixture in the mouth and rinse after some minutes. Witch hazel is a natural antiseptic. It will kill bacteria, soothe pain and speed up healing. The herb is commonly used to treat blood blisters on the finger and foot.
How to remove on gum line by popping
When it comes to how to remove a blood blister on the gum line by popping, most experts will advise against it. It for one releases bacteria, and also increases the time needed to heal.
However, large blood blisters on the gums will pop on their own. If that happens, make sure to use medicated mouthwashes. This will not only keep from spreading bacteria but also keep from further infection.
Aspirin is also an antibacterial and can help with blood blisters on the gums. Just take a pill, gulp a mouthful of water and gargle it for several minutes.
If the blister persists for more than a week, forms pus, becomes very painful especially at night or is accompanied by other symptoms such as fever and fatigue, have it checked by a doctor. The only type of blood blister on the gum in the mouth you can treat safely at home is the one caused by irritations and trauma.
Preventive, care and treatments for blood blisters on gums above teeth
Keep from further assault
Blood blisters become more irritated the more they are assaulted. For example, abrasions from toothbrushes will make them worse, if not pop them. Mouthwashes are better choices in such situations.
Allow air circulation
Bacteria accumulation is discouraged by fresh air. You can consider several sessions a day, during which you will allow fresh air to circulate in the mouth. This can be done when applying treatments.
Get medical help
Consult your doctor in case of blood blisters on gums with unexplained causes. Some can be due to viral or dangerous bacterial infections. Such will call for prescription antibiotics and antiviral medications.
Maintain dental care
Dental hygiene and care are very important. Diseases such as gingivitis can be avoided through good dental hygiene. Much the same can be said about blood blisters on gums caused by physical injuries, alcohol and spicy foods. You may also find it helpful to learn more about how to take care of a blood blister.
Try home remedies
Home remedies are good long-term removal options. For one, they will keep from bacterial accumulation. Some will also speed up the healing process.
You don’t need to get alarmed by a blood blister on the gum that appears and goes away after two or three days. They are very common. The opposite is true for blood blisters that linger long enough to form pus or swell.