The big and small toes are usually the ones affected by blood blisters. This is because they often rub against the edge of under-sized shoes. Blood blisters often appear on the sides but can also occur on top or underneath these toes.
A blood blister is usually caused by friction or physical injuries. Such injuries create a separation in the upper layers of the skin. Blood and serum fill the created vacuum to form a blood blister.
While there is no cure for blood blisters, they can be treated in a couple of ways. Treatment options involve getting the blister to heal faster, relieving pain and avoiding infections.
What causes blood blister on the toe and under the toenail
Friction and pressure
Friction is responsible for most cases of a blood blister on the toe. This mostly occurs when wearing ill-fitting shoes or walking for long distances. Warm and moist conditions encourage blister formation. Wearing cotton-made socks can help keep it dry and cool.
Pressure mostly causes blood blister under toenail. The blister appears at the base of the toenail. If left alone, the toenail will most likely fall off.
Extreme cold such as inflicted by frostbites can lead to tissue damage which in turn will encourage blood blisters. To keep the body warm, blood from limbs is usually pushed towards vital organs. It is due to the forced contraction in blood vessels that results in damage of the blood vessels.
Heat and burns
Sunburns force skin pigment cells to move towards certain regions. This exposes other regions to harmful UV rays, which cause tissue damage.
Burns can also inflict immediate blood blisters.
Diseases and conditions
Symptoms of diseases such as impetigo and chicken pox include blood blisters under the skin. The blisters can appear even on toes. Herpes simplex virus may also cause blood blisters on the scrotum.
Irritants and allergens
Irritation on toes caused by irritants such as alkalines and detergents compromise the integrity of skin tissues. Contact with allergens such as foods or some medications sometimes causes inflammations and blisters.
How to treat a blood blister on toe
When it comes on how to treat a blood blister on the toe, a number of options are available:
Protect the blister
Blisters get worse as more friction and pressure is exerted on them. The first thing to do should involve keeping it protected. For example, you can try wearing open or well-fitting shoes.
Apply a bandage
Toes are prone to many forms of injuries as well as accumulation of germs. Keeping the blister bandaged protects from such factors. To keep from pressure build-up, avoid having the bandage dressed too tightly.
Allow it to breathe
Avoid concealing the blister, as it makes it wet and moist. Opening the blister to circulating air dries it out, which in turn fastens the healing process.
Painkillers can be very helpful for paining blisters. Sometimes, doctors can prescribe topical creams for inflammations. Antibiotics are likely to be prescribed if the blister has broken open. If the blisters are due to medical conditions, they can only be treated by addressing the condition itself.
Think about popping it
Popping a blood blister on toe is not always a good idea. However, under some conditions, it can be the better option. It is for example a much worse idea to pop a blood blister under the tongue compared to one on the toe.
Consider home remedies
Home remedies are very effective when it comes to how to remove blood blisters. They not only quicken the healing process but also act as antiseptics.
What to do with a broken blood blister on the toe
Blood blisters have a cover layer that traps the blood and blister fluid inside. Under normal circumstances, the best thing is to leave it alone. With time and the proper care, it will heal on its own. A dressing pad can provide further protection.
Often enough, blood blisters on toes burst on their own. This mostly happens to large blood blisters. If that is to happen, resist the urge to remove the top covering.
Removing the covering will, for one thing, increase the recovery period. It will also open the blister to infections. Furthermore, direct contact with an uncovered blister is likely going to be painful.
Let the fluid from a broken blister drain sufficiently. You can squeeze the blister fluid towards the broken edge. After that, sterilize a dressing pad and apply it on the blister. Remember to replace the dressing every day.
How to drain a blood blister on a toe that has turned black
Blood blisters mostly appear red especially after formation. If a lot of blood is to collect in the blisters, it can turn black. A blister turning black can also be an indication of healing.
Blood blisters turning black have many chances of breaking open in the long run. For such cases, you can have them drained manually.
The most important thing is to ensure that equipment to be used have been sterilized appropriately. Rather than having all of the top cover removed, just make a small puncture on the edge. The puncture will be enough to have the whole blood blister drained fully.
Don’t drain a blood blister on toe if it is not showing any signs of breaking up on its own. Also, don’t drain it if you have been diagnosed with conditions such as diabetes, heart complications, HIV or cancer. Such diseases compromise the immune system, which will encourage infections.
If a blood blister keeps coming back, it may be a symptom of contagious diseases such as chicken pox. Don’t drain it. If broken open on their own, dress them appropriately and avoid direct contact with other individuals.
What to do with a blood blister under the toenail
Sudden pressure such as that which might be sustained after trapping a toe under a blunt heavy object can cause a blood blister under the toenail. Such a blister can also develop over time under pressure from under-sized shoes. When it comes to what to do with blood blister on toe nail, the best approach is to drain it.
- You will require a needle, rubbing alcohol and hydrogen peroxide
- Wash the toe thoroughly with medicated soap and water
- With the needle, drill gently on the center of the blister
- Squeeze gently to drain out most of the blood
- Apply some hydrogen peroxide. It keeps blood from clotting under the toenail
- Dress the blister with a clean bandage. The bandage should be replaced daily
Don’t use too much rubbing alcohol or hydrogen peroxide. They will delay healing. Be on the lookout for signs such as pain, swelling, fever, red streaks and pus formation. These are signs of an infected blood blister on toe. Medical assistance should be sought immediately after such signs show up.
How to treat a blood blister on the toe with home remedies
Cover some ice cubes with a plastic bag and a small towel. Hold them on the blister for about 10 minutes.
Slice a thick cucumber piece and chill it. Apply it on the blister for a couple of minutes, about 3 times a day.
Add sandalwood paste in rose water, enough to make a paste. You can add some honey into the mixture. Apply the paste directly to the blistered toe. Turmeric powder can be used in the place of sandalwood. In fact, a teaspoon of turmeric power can be added to a glass of milk and be taken before bed.
Apply a solution of tea tree oil diluted with water to the blister and leave for ten minutes. Rinse with fresh water and repeat the process three times a day. This is also a very effective blood blister on the hand treatment at home.
Get some fresh aloe Vera leaves and squeeze the gel onto the blister. Leave it to dry, and rinse it off before next application.
Add dried chamomile leaves to water, soak a small towel in the solution and hold it on the blister for about 10 minutes.
Cleanse the blistered toe with Epson salt solution 3 times in a day.
Ginger oil can also be applied directly as many as 5 times in a day. It helps reduce swelling and pain.