Eczema is not fatal but can be very frustrating and discomforting. It is a condition and not a disease. Its actual cause remains unknown. A number of trigger factors have been documented for it, however.
Flare-ups can appear anywhere on the skin. They mostly prefer behind the elbows and knees, on the neck and the back. Since eczema is a collective name for about 8 different skin conditions, one type can appear on the scalp while another may appear on the palms or the soles of the feet. The worst comes when it appears on the face.
Learning more about how to treat eczema on face can be very helpful. This is partly because the condition keeps coming back even after the initial successful treatment. The good thing is that both natural and medical treatment options are readily available.
How to get rid of eczema on face
Eczema on the face can appear in children and in adults. In children, it mostly appears on the cheeks. Children are also prone to another form of eczema commonly known as dandruff. Scalp eczema pictures can help differentiate it from ringworm. In adults, eczema on the face pictures show it appearing more on the eyelids, lips, and behind the ears and the forehead. Eczema under the lower lip is also common. It is thought to be encouraged by the thinness of the skin in these areas.
When it comes to how to get rid of eczema on the face, the following treatment options are available:
Learning the probable triggers
Cosmetic and beauty products are common causes of eyelid eczema. Food products on the other hand are common causes of eczema on lips. They result in allergic reactions or irritations which in turn trigger flare-ups. The best approach to determine if a certain product is responsible is to stop its use and observe the results. Another approach is to rely on organic and fragrance-free facial beauty products. Any of the following can cause eczema flares on the face:
- Creams, ointments, shampoos, detergents, cosmetics and soaps
- Ammonia cleaners
- Humid and hot weather conditions
As you can see, most of these products are either allergens or irritants. This also includes food products that you may be allergic to.
Taking care of your skin
Eczema results in dry and scaly skin patches. With time, the affected parts develop cracks and blisters. It is through the cracks that a lot of skin moisture is lost into the air. To prevent this from happening, a good moisturizer ought to be used. Creams and ointments are best in this case. Ointments are better if the skin is extremely dry.
Try home remedies
A number of home remedies have been observed to be effective in treating eczema. The good thing with such remedies is that they are completely organic. They rarely will irritate the skin when applied. Home remedies for eczema are also widely available and can act as long-term treatment options for eczema.
Opt for OTC and prescription treatment
Potent creams and ointments you can use for eczema on the face are available over the counter. They help ease the itch and redness. They also speed up the recovery process as well as protect from flare-ups. Prescription medications, on the other hand, are best when dealing with chronic or extreme cases of eczema. Unlike home remedies, prescription medications cannot be used long-term due to side effects.
Eczema face treatment through skin care
There are a number of skin care approaches that can help with eczema face treatment. They include:
Cold compress treatment
This is perhaps the best non-medical eczema face treatment approach that can help, especially with acute eczema. It only requires you to place a piece of cloth dipped in cold water on the affected facial areas. Ensure that the cloth is squeezed out well. The treatment reduces inflammation as well as itching.
Moisturizers help keep the affected areas from excess drying and cracking. Look for moisturizing creams and ointments with compounds known as ceramides. Go for fragrance-free moisturizers, especially for your baby’s face. Other ingredients you can look for include aloe Vera, oatmeal, glycerin and avocado extracts.
Cleansing and exfoliating
The way you handle your facial skin during an eczema flare-up is very important in regards to the results you will achieve. Choose a mild cleanser and use warm water. Rather than wiping the excess water from your face, pat dry with a face cloth. Avoid abrasive exfoliation methods, especially on affected areas. You can consider getting professional help on how to choose the best face wash. If you are to apply some makeup, choose one with a liquid foundation over powder-based one.
Keep from allergens and triggers
Food products such as eggs, dairy products, nuts and wheat are common eczema triggers. If including any of such foods in your diet triggers flares-ups, try avoiding them as much as you can. This also goes for other potential triggers such as harsh weather conditions, choline-containing substances and harsh detergents.
Best home remedies for eczema on face
Let’s go through some of the best home remedies for eczema on face that can help:
This is an essential oil with antimicrobial properties. It can help avoid a scar being left behind after eczema patches are healed. Rather than using facial beauty products with a fragrance added, you can try lavender oil or chamomile in its absence.
Aloe Vera is one of the most effective home remedies to get rid of eczema, even on sensitive parts such as the face. The herb can also be used as an option to how to get rid of eczema on the penis. Fresh gel from a raw aloe Vera plant is better to use, compared to purchased aloe gel bottles.
This is very mild, for one thing, and won’t irritate sensitive skin. Furthermore, it is an antibacterial, which can help keep eczema from getting infected. Since the oil is primarily constituted of fats, coconut oil is an ideal moisturizer.
Calamine lotion (homemade)
This lotion is a perfect remedy to get rid of the redness due to eczema and possibly sores that may have resulted. It can also greatly ease itchiness, which in turn prevents from scratching and further irritation.
It is an anti-inflammatory and carries a load of antioxidants. It also contains vitamin E, which is essential for skin health. Olive oil can be used alone or as carrier oil with tea tree oil or apple cider vinegar. Tea tree oil and apple cider vinegar are, however, a little harsher and not recommended for use on delicate skin.
Medical eczema face treatment options
Sometimes, eczema gets so harsh and severe that it can only best be treated in a hospital. In regards to how to fix eczema medically, the following options are available:
Over the counter products
These are best for acute eczema. They are a first-aid option to flare-ups. Topical medications come in the form of creams, ointments and lotions. They can be moisturizers, antibiotics or topical steroids. Moisturizers keep the facial skin hydrated. Antibiotics prevent from bacterial infection while topical steroids reduce inflammation. Their most notable use is in dyshidrotic eczema treatment. When choosing topical medications for eczema on face, go for steroids such as 1% hydrocortisone or cortisone-10.
Many prescription alternatives for eczema on face can be turned to. They include immunosuppressants, antihistamines, antibiotics, pills, shots, creams and ointments. A doctor will decide what the best option is for you. Sometimes, more than one treatment option can be chosen. It is very important that prescription drugs and alternatives only be used with guidelines from a doctor. This is because they come with a number of side effects and can interact with other drugs or conditions such as pregnancy.
When to see a doctor for eczema face treatment
Eczema can be acute, infected or chronic. Acute refers to instances where flare-ups manifest very harsh and rapid-onset symptoms. They can be as a result of a very powerful allergen, for example. Infected eczema occurs when bacteria enters the affected areas through cracks and blisters. Chronic eczema on the other hand refers to cases where the condition has persisted for long even with attempts to get rid of the same.
It is advisable that you get to see a doctor immediately after you notice the first symptoms. Eczema definition revolves around red, itchy and scaly patches on the skin. Upon scratching, the patches will thicken and inflame. Over time, blisters and crusts will develop. Golden crusts are a giveaway sign for infected eczema.
Visiting a doctor the earliest you can helps develop a therapy treatment approach. Here, more than one treatment approach is used to achieve the following: heal the eczema, prevent flares, mend damaged skin and reduce itchiness and redness.
Hereditary and environmental factors are the common culprits when it comes to the causes of eczema. While allergens and irritants will trigger the condition, people who are genetically predisposed or in eczema-risk environments are more likely to develop the condition. It is for such reasons that getting advice from a doctor is very much advised.