Acne and pimples are very common and unfortunately far too noticeable. They are that one thing you don’t want to worry about but their appearance can force you to do the exact opposite.
Think about it: acne will not turn into skin eating cancer cells or anything of the sort. However, it will make your face and skin look odd and unattractive. What’s more, most go to the extent of leaving scars, spots and marks when their time is over.
And how can you not worry about something with the potential to scar your face?
You may have noticed a trend that every site you visit in the search of ways to get rid of acne is so very willing to sell you products for the same.
Well, there is no much denying that such products work, at least as long as they are bought from reputable and trustworthy manufacturers. However, most of them bring along all kinds of side effects. In fact, you may find yourself looking for ways to remove skin patches after a slight mistake made when using such products.
In this article, we will explore the different ways with which you can not only remove acne scars but also how you can avoid them to begin with.
What causes types of acne scars and can they be treated
As to what causes acne scars, knowledge on the life-cycle of a pimple may be necessary. We will, however, go through it in only a few words.
Under the skin, some glands that produce a skin hydrating oil (sebum) are located. Once in a while, the sebum gets trapped inside skin pores, media through which the oil is supposed to make it to the skin. Once trapped, bacteria that thrive on the skin find a way in and use the sebum as food. In response, the immune system moves to fight the bacteria. The dirt, dead cells, sebum and senseless violence that results produce inflammations in the pores.
With time, the inflamed pores will rapture. When this takes place very near to skin surface, a minor scar which will likely disappear is formed.
When the opposite happens, that is when the rupture occurs very deep in the skin, natural mechanisms for wound healing will be called for. They involve forming new collagen on the wounded area. Unfortunately, the healed area will not look as natural and clear as it used to. In short, an acne scar will have formed.
Luckily, there are various ways in which acne scars can be treated, both clinically and at home.
Types of acne scars
It is important to learn the different types of acne scars that are there, if the right treatment and removal procedures are also to be identified. The types include:
- Boxcar – these ones have very formally formed borders. A closer look reveals a broad depression
- Ice-pick – they resembles narrowly formed pits that extend deeply into the skin
- Atrophic – they usually take a flattened and thinned appearance. They may form a depression
- Rolling – on the edges, these scars form slopes and result in a broad depression
- Keloid – unlike others, these ones form lumps. They may resemble hemangioma of skin
You may need a dermatologist to help you identify he particular acne scar that has developed. All the same, pictures and online images can always be turned to for comparison.
As you will find out, not always is an acne scar a typical scar. Some are reactions to trauma caused by follicle rapture. They improve with time and rarely need treatment.
Note that acne marks are also not the same as acne scars. The latter are changes in the pigmentation of the skin left behind after a pimple has healed up or over. They are usually purple or red in light skinned people and brown in dark skinned people. The purple ones heal in weeks while the dark brown ones can persist for months.
How to get rid of acne scars with best products
Let’s now look at the best products available for acne scar removal:
Sunscreens help in ensuring that marks and spots left behind by acne do not get darker and more noticeable. UV rays do also penetrate clothing, so you may want to apply sunscreen even on parts covered by clothes.
Cortisone reduces the time it takes for acne to heal. This is very important, for it plays a very big role on whether marks will be left afterwards. Such creams are available even over the counter. The better approach however is to get prescribed for one. Cortisone is sometimes an effective wart removal product.
Vitamin C serums
Vitamin C is very helpful in the recovery process after an injury in the skin. Serums containing this vitamin can succeed in improving the final appearance of a mark or scar left by acne.
Skin lighteners made from natural products such as ascorbic acid and licorice can banish spots on the skin with minimal irritation and damage on the skin. They work best in light skinned people. In fact, their use is not recommended in darker pigmented individuals.
Retinol creams encourage skin cells division. As a result, the heavily pigmented or damaged cells are pushed or distributed, making them less noticeable. Use of retinoid-containing products is also an effective psoriasis treatment. Always remember to use sunscreen or stay indoors when applying retinol creams.
Peels containing salicylic and glycolic acids are helpful in removing skin marks and spots. They work by corroding the top layers of the skin on which they have been applied. You can consider visiting a dermatologist for the clearest directions on how best to use the peels. Such peels have gained a lot of popularity. In fact, they can also be used to get rid of a wart under the armpit and other issues.
Best way to get rid of Acne scars with treatment
Sometimes, the best acne treatment can only be done in a clinic by a qualified dermatologist. This is especially true for dented and severe acne scars. Below are the main acne scar removal procedures to expect:
This operation involves a dermatologist sewing up a dented scar. It works best for scars with narrow edged scars.
As the name suggests, this procedure involves having the scars filled to level with the skin. It is very effective and is gaining a lot of popularity. In fact, it is perhaps the best way to get rid of acne scars that are deeply dented. In most states, the procedure is available for those who are over twenty-one years old.
Apart from dermal fillers, lasers are the most effective option in regards to how to treat acne scars. They work best for raised scars and dark skinned individuals. However, laser treatment will rarely eliminate a scar altogether. What it does is reduce the redness and make the scar more natural. The good thing is that laser penetrates deep into the skin. In fact, it is one of the most effective cavernous hemangioma treatments.
Steroid containing injections can be used against inflamed and raised acne marks. It works by leveling scars but rarely has any effects on the smoothness of the affected part. Cortisone is mostly used in such injections. It is very effective when it comes to how to remove acne scars overnight.
The acne scar removal approach is to go for more than one treatment method. For example, a lightening cream can be used to take care of pigmentation issues. After that, dermal filler can be applied to level a dented scar mark. Finally, punch excision can be done to cover any persistent dent.
Make sure to talk to your dermatologist for issues relating to removing dented or raised scar marks. For acne marks, you can try getting rid of them at home or just give them time to go away on their own.
Home remedies for acne scars treatment
Many skin conditions including acne can be managed at home with natural products. Although not always advisable, any of the following home remedies for acne scars can be considered:
It is one of the healthiest food products. Its benefits extend to skin health and treatment. Applying it on the skin and on acne scars can help fade marks as well as speed up natural healing of acne. The oil also keeps the skin hydrated to avoid more acne outbreaks.
Honey is definitely a product you want to try in the quest to banish acne scars. It can be applied directly to the scars on its own or in a mixture with cinnamon. The good thing is that you do not have to worry about over-using honey. As long as the marks or scars haven’t cleared already, you can go on applying it with no side effects. Farmer’s honey is the best.
Aloe Vera is a product with its own magical body and skin healing abilities. Applying it consistently on acne scars and marks can help with the healing process as well as clear the marks. Although many creams and over the counter products contain it as an active ingredient, the organic gel from the plant itself is best.
Lemon and baking soda
The reason as to why these two have been listed together is because caution should be taken when using them. You will find them advertised as acne removal products. Try as much as you can to avoid them as removal products for acne. What they can do is irritate acne even more and encourage scarring instead. However, you can use them as remedies to get rid of acne scars and marks. Afterwards, apply coconut or jojoba oil to soothe the skin.
Pills containing this vitamin can be used to banish acne scars. Rather than swallowing them with water, squeeze the gel in them onto a cotton ball or the tip of your finger and apply it to the acne scars. You can also make the gel an additional ingredient in the moisturizer you use.
Sugarcane juice contains one of the acids that chemical peels for acne scars contain. At home, you can mix the juice with coconut oil and use it on the acne scars to be removed. It works by corroding the damaged layers of the skin to make room for healthy ones.
Other than being very healthy and super hydrating when taken as a food product, cucumber can also help with acne scars. Just squeeze fresh slices of the vegetable on the scars to be removed several times a day.
Tea tree oil
Although it is more effective in treating acne, it still can prove a good how to heal acne scars remedy. It is a popular natural product for skin conditions such as tea tree oil for moles and skin tags.
How to clear acne scars by prevention
Unfortunately, these scars cannot be prevented against without exception. But there is a good reason as to why we should look at ways on how to clear the scars by preventing at least most of them. They include:
Get immediate treatment
Try the remedies that are available to you such as a cold compress, tea tree oil and other methods, in the wake of acne breakout. If the situation is not improving even with over the counter products, see a doctor.
Leave them be
If not applying a curative product, just try keeping your fingers away the acne as much as you can. There will surely be urge to pick at them. This will however make them more irritated and lead to larger scars.
Let them heal undisturbed
If you notice some scabs forming over healing acne, just let the healing process run its course undisturbed.
Understand your skin
Some people will develop scars even after minimal skin trauma. If it is the case with you, forego treatment at home but rather seek medical attention.
Understand the pimples
Acne pimples are supposed to be these tiny bumps which will clear with time. However, if they turn out to be large bumps which are in fact very painful, you are most likely dealing with cysts. These ones will surely do a lot of damage. Don’t treat them at home.
Light acne outbreaks will rarely end up in scars but marks. The marks usually go away on their own in less than 6 months. Creams, skin lighteners and home remedies can improve the results however.
For severe acne, especially due to genetic predisposition and hormonal imbalance, you may need to see a dermatologist for more strategic acne scars treatment methods.