It is well known that more androgenic hormones encourage the development of acne. Androgenic hormones are body chemicals that produce male-like characteristics such as growth of hair on chest and chin.
A medication that can succeed in blocking some androgenic hormones can prove an effective treatment option for acne. This is the case with spironolactone.
Initially, spironolactone was not primarily developed as a way of how to get rid of acne overnight or any such thing. It was developed for conditions such as edema, heart related complications and blood pressure regulation.
It was however noted that the drug had other beneficial effects such as inhibiting growth of hair in undesired places in women. It could also reduce occurrence of acne on the lower chin and neck in women.
Currently, there is no FDA approval for spironolactone use for acne. Some doctors actually hesitate to prescribe the same, since official documents on dosage information are not available.
Reviews and testimonials from users show that spironolactone can produce very effective anti-acne results. In fact, its other benefits can be taken advantage of on top of fighting acne.
How does Spironolactone work for acne treatment?
How does spironolactone work for acne? The short answer to that question is that it works by inhibiting the functioning of some androgenic hormones.
In the body, hormones work by binding into specific receptors. This works by either increasing the efficiency of a certain process or decreasing the same.
In the case of spironolactone for acne, the drug binds into certain receptors which are actually meant for the identified hormones. This decreases the efficiency with which effects of the hormones will be felt.
As mentioned earlier, androgenic hormones produce male-like characteristics. A good example is testosterone. In men, this hormone is responsible for onset of beards, a deeper voice and masculinity. If it was to be inhibited, those characteristics would not appear.
The reason as to why acne is very common in teen years is because sebaceous glands are hormonally transformed to become more effective. The most affected sebaceous glands are the ones located on lower parts of the face, neck and chest.
Combining all these details, you can start to see how spironolactone works for treating acne. Basically, it inhibits the possible over-activation of sebaceous glands in the lower face and chin. Consequently, acne is avoided.
Extreme dominance of androgenic hormones can cause other complications such as abnormal blood vessels. This is thought to be one of the main rosacea causes.
Spironolactone for acne dosage
There is no officially recommended dosage for spironolactone for acne. All the same, reports from available studies can be depended on for such information.
In most cases, 50 mg is the starting dosage. It can be taken once or twice in a day. Some reviews of spironolactone for acne suggest that taking the drug twice in a day can improve on the side effects.
100 mg is also a common starting dosage. This too can be taken once or twice in a day. In most cases, it will depend on how severe the acne is. It will also depend on age and other factors such as pregnancy.
A starting dosage is usually used for 3 months with close monitoring on the spironolactone for acne before and after results. If no much improvement can be noted, 50 mg more is likely to be added on the initial dosage.
Available studies indicate 200 mg dosage as the upper limit of spironolactone dosage. More than that will most likely produce more side effects than desired benefits.
Generally, patients will notice fewer cysts and less acne in general within the first 1 or 2 months of spironolactone dosage. Full therapy will go on for about 3 months.
Most patients respond well to spironolactone. In fact, there haven’t been cases of patients needing to discontinue the drug on the basis of extreme side effects.
Be sure that it is acne you are dealing with for certain before going for this treatment. For example, psoriasis symptoms include development of raised, inflamed and red pimples. The same can be said about some acne pimples. Ultimately, there are many skin conditions out there that can be mistaken with acne.
Spironolactone for acne reviews
When taking or considering spironolactone for acne, it is important to know what spironolactone for acne before and after results to expect.
- Spironolactone is a diuretic. This means that it will produce anti-water retention in the body. As a result, you will find the urge to use the bathroom quite often. It is actually due to its ability to reduce water retention that spironolactone is used to treat edema.
- Spironolactone results are not overnight. Most cases require continued use of up to 3 months for the best results.
- Complications can arise when spironolactone is taken when already pregnant or trying to become pregnant. The same goes for breastfeeding periods. Talk to your doctor about usage in this case.
- Changes in hair thickness and coarseness are likely to occur. In any case, the drug works by inhibiting hormones that play a role in hair production and growth.
- Too much use of the drug can increase potassium in the body. For this reason, lab tests in a clinic may be necessary just to make sure things are okay.
- Spironolactone may help with bloating. In fact, some suggest that it may just work for weight loss. It is known that bloating encourages weight gain.
- Even when taking spironolactone, pimples will pop up time to time. Anyway, there is no medication out there that will ensure you complete freedom from zits.
- It may be time you considered some sunscreen when using spironolactone. Users have reported being more sensitive to the sun.
Spironolactone for acne side effects
Any medication that interferes with how the body works will always bring along some side effects. The good thing is that this acne treatment drug produces very tolerable side effects.
Below are the most common spironolactone side effects:
- Frequent bathroom use
- Bowel movements
- Dried mouth
Some users worry about the possibility of weight gain when on this medication. This has something to do with misconceptions associating spironolactone with weight gain.
In any case, the drug may in fact induce weight loss effects. This is because a lot of water will be lost when taking the same. All the same, water weight accounts for a very small percentage of total body weight. It is likely to not be of much, if any, significance.
Other spironolactone for acne before and after benefits
Other than acne treatment, here are other benefits to be reaped from spironolactone for acne before and after use:
- The medication can be used in low doses of about 20 mg daily to reduce chances of heart attacks. It can be very helpful in type 2 diabetes patients with heart complications.
- It can be used with another medication to control high blood pressure. Very effective results have been reported in this case.
- A condition known as edema can be controlled with spironolactone. It is a condition that results in the body becoming inflamed, mostly due to water retention.
- Liver impairment caused by alcohol use sometimes causes a lot of fluids or water to accumulate in the stomach. This condition responds well to spironolactone treatment.
- It can be used to reverse stray hair growth patterns especially in women. For example, some women in their most productive years tend to develop excess hair on the face and other body parts. Study reports show that spironolactone with birth control pills can reverse this phenomenon.
Precautions before spironolactone for acne treatment
If you have a history of kidney related complications, spironolactone is not for you. The medication interferes with how water and sodium are absorbed in the kidney.
The caution also goes to individuals who have ever been diagnosed with high potassium levels. Spironolactone reduces sodium levels, which in turn is likely to allow potassium to go rogue. Talk to your doctor if you experience difficulties in urinating, have had adrenal disorders or are taking eplerenone.
Avoid high potassium food products and supplements such as salt substitutes. Also, a lot of salt in the diet will reduce the effectiveness of this drug.
Since spironolactone causes a lot of water to be excreted in urine, make sure to stay hydrated especially during aerobic exercises.
In the event of any complication or doubt, contact your doctor the soonest you can.
Spironolactone is definitely an anti-acne medication you may want to try. This is especially if you have been dealing with acne breakouts during your menses.
For best results, you can try a combination of such prescription acne medications and natural remedies. For example, essential oils have in multiple forums been advocated to work when used to get rid of acne. In fact, they can also be used as natural remedies for rosacea.
To start with, find out more on tea tree oil, coconut oil, aloe Vera and apple cider vinegar. In fact, the power of tea tree oil and apple cider vinegar in treating skin conditions includes options to get rid of warts, moles and even skin tags.