Someone may not understand why scientists go to all the efforts to come up with medications meant to treat acne. Well, that is, until they get an acne outbreak themselves.
Acne is one of those skin conditions you can be pretty sure will not turn into anything serious like cancer or lupus. You can consider learning more about such conditions and also about topics like what is hemangioma. However, acne will force you to seek ways that it can be treated.
Currently, there are many options that can be chosen from when it comes to getting rid of acne. One of the ways is to go for oral and topical medications.
Bacteria don’t cause acne but rather makes it more severe. Blackheads and whiteheads, for example are free from bacteria. For this reason, they are usually not painful and are easy to treat. The same cannot be said about cysts and nodules. In this case, bacterial invasion makes them both painful and swollen.
Currently, antibiotics are the best line of defense we have against bacteria. Oral and topical antibiotics for acne can therefore be used to improve on the condition.
List of Oral antibiotics for acne
Oral antibiotics for acne are taken to kill bacteria inside skin pores. They, however, will not address the root cause of the acne such as hormonal imbalance and oily skin.
Below is a list of oral antibiotics for acne:
- Erythromycin – this antibiotic belongs with other drugs of the macrolide family. They work by starving bacteria of important proteins needed for their survival. Dosage information will be provided by the doctor. It is also available on the label of the bottle that the drug will come in.
- Doxycycline – this antibiotic is used to treat various types of bacterial infections including gonorrhea, urinary tract infections and, of course, acne. It should be taken about an hour before meals. Dosage information will be provided by a doctor or physician.
- Vibramycin – sometimes as a malarial treatment, Vibramycin is an effective oral antibiotic for acne. It works by stopping bacteria inside the skin pores. Make sure to get directions on how to use from a physician.
- Minocin – this drug is used where other milder antibiotics have failed. It kills even the bacteria that are resistant to common medications. As it is with all other medications in this list of antibiotics, dosage information should be gotten from a physician.
- Monodox – this is another anti-malarial antibiotic that can help reduce infection and spread of acne. It should not be used for acne that has not already been infected. This is because it works by reducing the available food needed by already existing bacteria.
Depending on the severity of the infection, your doctor will prescribe any of the above or other antibiotics. It is important that dosage information and other acne treatment tips be followed routinely. Most of them are prescription antibiotics.
Topical antibiotics for acne
Topical antibiotics are meant to work against bacteria on the skin. In most cases, these are the bacteria that find a way into clogged skin pores. Their reaction with the immune system creates a commotion that ends up in painful and swollen acne pimples.
Topical antibiotics for acne usually come in the form or creams and gels. An antibiotic cream can be simply applied to the skin as directed. Below are some examples:
- Cleocin – the medication is used for a variety of bacterial infections. It is ineffective for viral infections but can reduce their severity since bacteria can take advantage of a weakened immune system. The medication should be applied 4 times daily with or without meals. After applying it, allow about 10 minutes to pass before lying down. This dosage information can always change in response to what your doctor instructs you to do.
- Erythromycin – this medication is also available in form of oral forms. When used with other acne treating creams, it can reduce the spread and also kill acne causing bacteria.
Over the counter acne medications
For mild acne, that is whiteheads and blackheads, over the counter acne medication can always be used. Caution is necessary though, when using such acne medication. Below are most common examples:
This is by far the most popular and effective over the counter acne medication. Products containing the compound come in 2%-10% concentrations. They work by unclogging skin pores as well as killing bacteria.
Most oral and topical antibiotics for acne should be used with this compound. This mostly prevents bacterial resistant to antibiotics.
Unfortunately, it is not exactly known why sulfur is so effective in treating acne. Recently, products that contain sulfur have shown a lot of promise in relation to getting rid of acne pimples.
Pads that contain this acid work by corroding acne and also by opening blocked pores. It is quite effective. In fact, its corrosive ability makes it useful against moles on skin.
Alpha hydroxyl acids
Lactic and glycolic acid are featured in this category. The former works by encouraging growth of new skin after the latter has corroded the dead skin off an acne pimple. They also promote a smoother appearance afterwards, once the acne is healed.
Retinoid is a manipulated form of vitamin A. Products containing it are available over the counter but are a little less effective than prescription ones.
Which is the best antibiotic for acne and antibiotic results?
There is no single best antibiotic for acne. It always depends on the situation you are in and available options. Here are quick tips on antibiotics pills, gels and creams that can help:
- Any antibiotic acne medication should be purchased from a qualified physician who will be able to provide correct dosage information and other details.
- Most antibiotics pills and topical products work best when used with benzoyl peroxide and retinoids. This is because most bacteria strains are increasingly becoming resistant to antibiotics.
- Try to use more than one antibiotic at the same time. This is to address the issue of bacterial resistance and also increase the chances of recovering.
- It is important that you take prescription antibiotics as required. This is because they don’t produce effects overnight. In fact, complete therapies usually go on for a couple of weeks.
- Learn all about the side effects of antibiotics pills or antibiotic cream that you are using. This is very important especially if you are on other medications, are pregnant, or are below the age of 12 years.
Antibiotic acne medication side effects
You are not likely to find over the counter oral antibiotics. This has something to do with the fact that they come with various side effects. For this reason, clinical prescription will be best suited.
Below are potential side effects:
- Increased sensitivity to sunlight
- Gastric disorders such as diarrhea and nausea
- Loss of skin pigmentation
- Swollen tongue
- Headaches and dizziness
- Yeast infections in women
- Oral sores
- Lupus treatment-like symptoms
Tetracyclines are known to cause dental discoloration. They also should not be used in children below 12 years.
Acne antibiotic results can be interfered with by other medications and supplements. Be sure to tell your doctor about any such products you may be taking. In women, the effectiveness of contraceptives may be affected by acne antibiotics.
Only infected and severe acne should cause antibiotics to be used. This is bearing in mind that other treatment options are also necessary to completely get rid of the acne.
How long do topical and oral antibiotics take to work?
Antibiotics results can take weeks before really showing to their full potential. This is because they are not particularly meant to heal the acne but to kill infectious bacteria.
Less severe acne can take about 3 months to respond fully. People who have had acne for a long time may need a longer waiting period. Below are tips that can help hasten the healing process:
Use a combination of acne medicine and antibiotics
It will take more time for antibiotics results to set in if used alone. Better, make use of benzoyl peroxide and retinoid-containing products.
Take care of the skin
First, maintain a cleansing routine, where you are to wash your face or affected part twice in a day with warm water and mild soap. Never scrub too hard or pick at the acne. This can irritate and spread the pimples.
Maintain after care services
After being prescribed for the antibiotics, ensure that you go back to the clinic and have your doctor check the progress. Otherwise, you may be stuck with pills that don’t work for your situation.
Try natural remedies
There are many natural products known or thought to fight bacterial infections. Essential oils such as how to use coconut oil for acne are on top of this list. Apple cider vinegar for acne use is also based on the fact that it can kill both bacteria and viruses. Tea tree oil is also an option to consider. It is for this reason that many details on topics such as essential oils for psoriasis have been documented and are available. Traditionally, essential oils have been used against many skin conditions. With the many studies being conducted on them today, a lot can be expected from the use of natural antibiotics cystic acne remedies.
Treating acne will definitely not prove an easy task. It will, for one, require a lot of patience. Also, it will call for a good understanding of the available remedies and treatment options.
While antibiotics are definitely options to include in acne treatment therapy, they cannot work on their own. Ensure to use them with other over the counter acne removal products.
If any complications or uncertainties are to be encountered, consult a doctor the soonest you can. Acne is just like other conditions such as mole on the nipple or on the eyelid. They may sound simple to get rid of at first but they actually can be nightmares in their own way.