Atopic dermatitis eczema is the most common of all eczema types. It is also the longest lasting and most severe. Most cases are reported before a baby is six months old. By the second birthday, symptoms will have improved for most people. The rest will continually have to deal with flares during their lifetimes. About 1 in 10 people from a random population will have the condition.
Dermatitis and eczema can be used interchangeably. This means that atopic eczema and atopic dermatitis point to the same ski condition. Asthma and hay fever are closely associated with this type of eczema. Consequently, individuals from family lines with asthma and hay fever histories are more likely to develop the condition.
Causes, what it looks like, symptoms and atopic eczema pictures
It is not definitely known what causes eczema. Experts associate atopic eczema with asthma and hay fever. Children born to parents who have developed the condition before are also more likely to develop the same.
It has also been observed that cases of atopic eczema are on the rise. This is attributed to increase in industrialization and hence population. For example, children living in urban areas are reported to be more predisposed.
Changes in climate or relocating to a colder area may trigger flares. It has also been noted that women, as well as children born to rich families or to older women have less resistance to atopic eczema.
Foods such as diary products, soy, nuts and gluten will not cause but are likely to worsen and increase chances of developing the condition.
What it looks like
- Mild atopic eczema – dry and itchy skin patches. Inflammation and skin irritation due to scratching will follow. With time, tiny bumps will appear. A good atopic eczema cream to moisturize will treat it effectively.
- Acute atopic eczema – develops and matures very rapidly. Intolerably itchiness on affected body areas. Fluid oozing from the formed and scratched blisters. Very dry skin and possible cracking.
- Severe atopic eczema – it is spread over extensive body regions. Intense itch which is not responsive to topical creams occurs. Cracks and flakes will appear. Infection is likely.
- Chronic atopic eczema – thickened skin plagues, scaled and flaking patches.
Itchiness and skin dryness are the first and most prominent symptoms of atopic eczema. The symptoms occur on different body regions, depending on the patient’s age. In babies and children, the scalp, cheeks, neck, knees and elbows are mostly affected. The neck, knees and elbows are more likely to be affected in adults.
Images and photos can be compared with atopic eczema pictures for identification. If doubts are to persist, a dermatologist will help.
Atopic eczema treatment
A dermatologist will likely identify atopic eczema after physical examination. Some information on health history may be required for confirmation.
Topical atopic creams are almost a guarantee when treating atopic eczema. Some of them are meant to hydrate the skin while some carry mild steroids meant to control inflammation. If the eczema is unresponsive to topical atopic creams, a doctor will prescribe stronger ones.
Severe cases are sometimes treated with immune suppressing medications. The option is only considered for atopic eczema that won’t respond to other treatments or keeps coming back.
Antihistamines are very important especially when treating atopic eczema in babies and children. Eczema itch causes trouble getting sleep. The itch can be eased with antihistamines.
Infected atopic eczema calls for antibiotics. Patients are always advised to seek medical attention after the first signs of eczema. Early treatment will keep from infection and In turn any need for antibiotics.
Coal tar and phototherapy can also be used as part of atopic eczema treatment regime. Coal tar is best used for adult treatment, in cases of chronic atopic eczema. It works by reducing thickened skin plaques that have formed over time. Phototherapy aims at taking advantage of natural skin health benefits from the sun.
Natural remedies for atopic eczema
Itchiness, dryness and skin irritation are the most intolerable of all atopic eczema symptoms. Luckily, a number of natural remedies for atopic eczema can be used to improve these symptoms. They include:
Colloidal oatmeal can be added to bath water or be made into a solution with water and applied directly. It can be used in the treatment of children as well as in adults. In baths, oatmeal can be used for how to get rid of eczema on the penis.
Coconut oil and olive oil are good examples. They soothe irritated skin and keep it hydrated as required. Lavender oil and jojoba oil are other examples.
Licorice makes the list of some of the natural remedies for atopic eczema that have been studied in clinical tests. It is a great anti-inflammatory remedy and will also ease burning sensation. It can be applied directly in creams or be taken orally in tea.
Aloe Vera will not only reduce irritation on affected skin but will also keep from infection. The best approach is to massage fresh gel squeezed from aloe leaves.
Adding Dead Sea salt or Epsom salt to bath water keeps the skin hydrated and discourages bacterial accumulation. Caution is advisable for those with easily irritated skin.
St. John’s wort
This herb has recently been found to be an effective natural treatment for atopic eczema. It is widely available in atopic creams over the counter.
Chamomile is yet another of the natural remedies for atopic eczema that has shown promising effects in trials. It not only keeps off bacteria and viruses but also reduces inflammation and promotes recovery.
Apple cider vinegar
This is perhaps the strongest antibacterial and antiviral home remedy widely accessible to most people. Apple cider vinegar bath for eczema will not only keep from infection but will also reduce skin thickening. Apple cider vinegar is sensitive and should not be used on broken skin.
For severe or infected atopic eczema, don’t take your chances with natural treatment and home remedies. The best approach is to consult your doctor and be advised on the best way forward. Much the same can be said about how to treat eczema on the eyelid and genitals.
Natural treatment for atopic eczema
Other than natural remedies, atopic eczema symptoms and flares can be improved through natural treatment options. They include:
This natural treatment is very effective in reducing atopic eczema itch. When cold compressing, soak in bath water for about 15 minutes. Remember not to soak in soapy water.
Always use lukewarm water for baths. Use mild soaps and ensure to pat dry after the bath. More than 2 baths in a day will leave your skin dry.
Atopic eczema only develops once the skin is dry enough to allow it. Lotions, creams and ointments therefore form an important part of natural treatment. Creams are thicker than lotions but thinner than ointments.
Inflammation and irritation caused by atopic eczema is usually due to repeated scratching. Itch can be eased with medications, home remedies or even bandages.
Know your triggers
Triggers are factors or products that encourage flares. They include allergens such as some foods, pets and dust. Irritants such as nickel, cobalt, detergents, chemicals among others are also listed also triggers. Others include dry weather, stress, skin infections among others. It will be for the best, if you can find out what triggers flares in you.
Eczema and diet are complicatedly integrated. Consider learning more about foods to take or avoid when treating atopic eczema. For example, probiotics can help with eczema neck rash treatment.